This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Iran Earthquake Of 2003 Essay

1379 words - 6 pages

Bam Earthquake 2003
Living within a dynamic system requires humans to use scientific knowledge to predict and prepare for large scale events, since not a day goes by without a change in the Earth: The continents drifting away, land rising, and faults. This essay will focus on one main thing: earthquakes. An earthquake measured magnitude 6.6, according to United States Geological Survey, which happened in Bam, Iran in the year 2003. This earthquake was caused by a “buried” fault in the Earth, said to rupture every 2,000 years. After rupturing, it will heal over a period of years (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics Space Association, 2009). This earthquake was called a national tragedy by the Iranian President Khatami (British Broadcasting Corporation, 2003). It affected a part of the Iranian society, which leads to the question of how you could prevent similar effects on the society in lethal earthquake situations: this will be the social factor of the devastating earthquake.
The Earth moves and changes in many different ways, and one way of changing is during an earthquake. Another method of Earth changes is a fault: a movement when two tectonic plates build up energy and then may move in different ways depending on the plate boundary. These faults happen on tectonic plate boundaries, also known as fault lines, where two tectonic plates meet. Tectonic plates are what continents stand on, which are in fact slowly drifting apart. A theory proposed by Alfred Wegener, called the Theory of Continental Drift, says that the Earth’s mantle is a semi-solid, and the tectonic plates are floating on the mantle, and since the continents are on the plates, the continents drift with the plates. There are four main types of faults: normal faults, which have a hanging wall moving down from a foot wall, which happen on convergent boundaries; The Himalaya Mountains are a thrust fault, also known as a reverse fault, with a movement where the hanging wall moves up instead of down, which happen on convergent boundaries; a strike-slip fault, a famous one being in San Andreas, where plates move sideways, happening on divergent boundaries; and a transform fault, where two fault lines move away from each other making a trench in the crust, which is in the Mid Ocean Ridge, happening on transform plate boundaries. These faults are the locations of earthquakes, and earthquakes come with seismic waves. The first wave to hit the surface destination is the Primary wave, a wave which moves in a curve formation and pushes outwards from the Earth core, making a building "jump". The next wave reaching the destination in an earthquake is the secondary wave, which pushes things aside as it goes away from the core, in a "snake" motion. The last wave to hit the destination point is the Surface Wave, moving in a curve formation along the surface. This is the most devastating wave which moves in all directions, usually responsible for all the destruction in an earthquake....

Find Another Essay On The Iran Earthquake of 2003

The Deaths of People in the Kobe Earthquake

1858 words - 7 pages The Deaths of People in the Kobe Earthquake As a class we have been asked to investigate "Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake?" In this project I will be covering: 1.Where, when and why the earthquake happened and which plates were involved. 2.What the primary and secondary effects were. 3.How well prepared the Japanese people were for the earthquake. 4.How well people coped with the

Japan, After the Tragedy of the Great East Japan Earthquake

865 words - 3 pages Devastation struck Japan on March 11, 2011 when the main island, Honshu, was rocked by the worst earthquake in the country’s history. According the U.S. Geological Survey, the earthquake, named the Great East Japan Earthquake, was so severe it shifted the earth’s axis by 10 cm and the jolt of the earth’s crust triggered a tsunami of epic proportion. Carrying a wall of water over 10 meters high and massive enough to been seen by the

The San Francisco earthquake of April 18, 1906

1139 words - 5 pages , and 189 were reported elsewhere. In this connection a most serious loss to this city at this time was the injury and death of Dennis T. Sullivan, Chief of the Fire Department. His death added to the disorganization of the Fire Department at its most critical time.References:America Hurrah. San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of April 1906. Retrieved October 25, 2003 from, W.L., 1990, Earthquake history, 1769-1989

Effects of the Great Kanto Earthquake in Japanese History

2038 words - 8 pages Britain after 1859: Creating Cultural Bridges. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. Questia. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. Cullen, L. M. A History of Japan, 1582-1941: Internal and External Worlds. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Questia. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. Gailey, Harry A. The War in the Pacific From Pearl Harbor to Tokyo Bay. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1995. Questia. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. Hammer, Joshua. "The Great Japan Earthquake of 1923

Earthquake: A Disaster in the Bay of Bengal

1332 words - 6 pages Introduction Just past midnight on December 26, 2004, seismic sensors detected an earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter scale (Doc. 8). The epicenter of this earthquake was just off the coast of Indonesia (Doc. 3). As is always a possibility with a large quake (Doc. 4), a massive tsunami, which extended about 1000 miles from its center, was formed (Doc. 1). This tsunami resulted in what according to the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator at the

Comparing Television and Internet News Coverage of the Haiti Earthquake

647 words - 3 pages Screaming, praying, and crying for help, the people of Haiti were in a state of panic on Tuesday afternoon, January 12, 2010 at 4:53 P.M. An earthquake, with a magnitude of 7.0, left the Haitians homeless, desolate, and in prayer. The story was everywhere; from news channels to local newspapers, but it wasn’t enough to satisfy my hunger for knowledge. This impulsive interest made me want to know more about this catastrophe; thus, I went on the

Japan's Economic Efforts After the Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011

1214 words - 5 pages Marketing Japan: Towards a Better Future In the month of March 2011, Japan was struck hard by a natural disaster. This earthquake was known as the “Great East Japan Earthquake” which caused a tsunami (Euromonitor, 2013). Tourism in Japan was at a standstill for about year until 2012. During the year of 2011, Japanese people did not travel and “people refrained from leisure activities” (Euromonitor, 2013). About a year after the earthquake

An Analysis of the Outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War

796 words - 4 pages Iraq called for a cease-fire 6 days in and issued a set of demands which included a renegotiation of the treaty, return of the islands to the UAE and the non-participation and non-interaction of Iran within the Gulf community. Most see Iraq coming out of the war as more powerful in absolute power terms but not in relation to the rising power of its neighbours (Parasiliti, 2003, p. 160). According to Parasilati (2003) Iraq's reliance on its

An Analysis of the Outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War

1124 words - 5 pages absolute power terms (define) but not in relation to the rising power of its neighbours (Parasiliti, 2003, p. 160) • According to Parasilati (2003) Iraq's reliance on its economic "strategic rents" - the billions of loans and grants given by the West and other Arab Gulf states - undercut its power relative to its neighbours. Iran had to rely on its own resources to facilitate it through the war due to mistrust in the Islamic State Works Cited

The Major Players of the Iran-Contra Scandal

1650 words - 7 pages The 1980s saw great political and military action throughout the world. However, one particular event that took place began in the early 1980s which was the Iran-Contra Affair. The Iran-Contra scandal is said to be the result of President Ronald Reagan’s attempt to accomplish two things. The first being his desire to see that the Americans which were being held as hostages by Iran, to be freed and the second was that he wanted to provide

Constitutional Revolutions of Iran and Turkey in the 19th Century

1463 words - 6 pages Iran and those who held power would dictate the course of reform. The Young Turk Constitutional Revolution was the result of Tanzimat and "western" ideologies, imbedded in the cultural and social fabric of society, as opposed to the Iranian Constitutional Revolutions, which occurred as a result of individual and powerful groups with much to gain from a revolution. The Tanzimat ideology, although absent from the mentality of the Sultan, was inscribed

Similar Essays

Economic Analysis Of The U.S. 2001 2003

2609 words - 10 pages Economic Analysis of The U.S. 2001-2003      Economics have many indicators to describe how it runs. The indicators can show if the economy has improved or declined. The economic indicators that will be focused on in this analysis of the United States economy from 2001 – 2003 will be the consumer price index, the imports and exports, the unemployment rate, and finally the gross domestic product. Now while most may know

The New York Shutdown Of August 2003

3361 words - 14 pages Introduction Lin et al (2011) indicate that on the 14th of August 2003, New York was engulfed in a number of a series of power generation interruptions which subsequently triggered a shutdown for protective purposes. Although the shutdown was intended for good purpose, million of New Yorkers in the Northeastern US experienced over 31 hours of blackout beginning on August 14th 4.11 p. m. DeBlasio et al (2004) attest to the arguments of Lin et al

State Of The Union Address 2003

788 words - 3 pages of the Union address is a very serious and important speech. George W. Bush, now as the President of the United States, has given his State of the Union message like the preceding presidents.Confronting challenges for the future growth of the United States and its relationship with Iraq, President Bush delivered his second State of the Union message before Congress on January 28, 2003. In his assertive speech on Tuesday night, Bush confidently

The Rise Of Islamic Fundamentalism In Iran

1563 words - 6 pages The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran Over the course of the last century, the Islamic Republic of Iran (formerly known as Persia) has seen colonialism, the end of a dynasty, the installation of a government by a foreign power, and just over three decades ago, the popular uprising and a cleric-led revolution. These events preceded what could be considered the world’s first Islamic state, as politics and fundamentalist religion are