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The Iran Earthquake Of 2003 Essay

1379 words - 6 pages

Bam Earthquake 2003
Living within a dynamic system requires humans to use scientific knowledge to predict and prepare for large scale events, since not a day goes by without a change in the Earth: The continents drifting away, land rising, and faults. This essay will focus on one main thing: earthquakes. An earthquake measured magnitude 6.6, according to United States Geological Survey, which happened in Bam, Iran in the year 2003. This earthquake was caused by a “buried” fault in the Earth, said to rupture every 2,000 years. After rupturing, it will heal over a period of years (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics Space Association, 2009). This earthquake was called a national tragedy by the Iranian President Khatami (British Broadcasting Corporation, 2003). It affected a part of the Iranian society, which leads to the question of how you could prevent similar effects on the society in lethal earthquake situations: this will be the social factor of the devastating earthquake.
The Earth moves and changes in many different ways, and one way of changing is during an earthquake. Another method of Earth changes is a fault: a movement when two tectonic plates build up energy and then may move in different ways depending on the plate boundary. These faults happen on tectonic plate boundaries, also known as fault lines, where two tectonic plates meet. Tectonic plates are what continents stand on, which are in fact slowly drifting apart. A theory proposed by Alfred Wegener, called the Theory of Continental Drift, says that the Earth’s mantle is a semi-solid, and the tectonic plates are floating on the mantle, and since the continents are on the plates, the continents drift with the plates. There are four main types of faults: normal faults, which have a hanging wall moving down from a foot wall, which happen on convergent boundaries; The Himalaya Mountains are a thrust fault, also known as a reverse fault, with a movement where the hanging wall moves up instead of down, which happen on convergent boundaries; a strike-slip fault, a famous one being in San Andreas, where plates move sideways, happening on divergent boundaries; and a transform fault, where two fault lines move away from each other making a trench in the crust, which is in the Mid Ocean Ridge, happening on transform plate boundaries. These faults are the locations of earthquakes, and earthquakes come with seismic waves. The first wave to hit the surface destination is the Primary wave, a wave which moves in a curve formation and pushes outwards from the Earth core, making a building "jump". The next wave reaching the destination in an earthquake is the secondary wave, which pushes things aside as it goes away from the core, in a "snake" motion. The last wave to hit the destination point is the Surface Wave, moving in a curve formation along the surface. This is the most devastating wave which moves in all directions, usually responsible for all the destruction in an earthquake....

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