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The Iran Nuclear Deal Essay

2464 words - 10 pages

There is no dispute that the Middle East, for the past century, has been a region plagued with tension and conflict. Differences in religion and ethnicity have been the source for hundreds of thousands of deaths, and the progression of those issues have shown very little evidence of slowing down as the bloodshed continues. Many parties on the global scale fear that the combination of evolving technology and weaponry, and desire to harness nuclear power, is fueling the hatred that some of the countries in the area have for one another and will eventually lead to an extremely disastrous nuclear war. As a result, international global organizations, such as the United Nations, have been working to prevent such an outcome. They are attempting to relieve this tension through communication and diplomacy, but they have had to use coercion in some cases in order to enforce their laws and ensure peace. What was thought that could never be done with a country that has had such negative and aggressive relations with the U.N., parts of the Middle East, and the Western world, has occurred through a deal that was signed off on November 23, 2013 with Iran, curbing their nuclear program nearly to a complete halt. This deal is seen through the eyes of the world as a historic moment as it has the potential to almost reverse all suspicion that the demise of the region would be the result of a nuclear war.
The international issues pertaining to Iran’s nuclear program is not new to the 21st century. Concerns began after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, which concluded with the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (who was supported by the United States) being relieved of their power and replaced by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (who was supported by the Soviet Union), an Iranian Shi’a Muslim who is seen as a religious and political leader throughout the country and held the title of Supreme Leader until his death(). The country’s nuclear program began in the mid-70s, which brought upon the idea that they have begun enriching uranium and that they could one day develop a nuclear bomb(). Once the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown and the country perceived to be taken over by Islamic extremists, the West began researching the development process to make sure the wrong weapons would not fall into the wrong hands, but the capital Tehran encouraged the fact that it was strictly for peaceful purposes. Lies and deceit possessed the rest of the negotiations as both sides tried to get straight answers to understand what was actually going on in the nuclear program, but nevertheless those answers were never found as they were clouded by a long standing hatred between certain Islamic groups and the Western world(). More recently, ten years ago the International Atomic Energy Agency sent agents to inspect Iran’s nuclear facilities and they found trace amounts of enriched uranium at a factory in Natanz, which led to a three-year halt on Iran’s uranium enrichment. After...

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