This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Irish Easter Rebellion 1916 Essay

2279 words - 9 pages

The 1916 Irish Easter Uprising

Ever since the occupation of Ireland by the English began in 1169, Irish patriots have fought back against British rule, and the many Irish rebellions and civil wars had always been defeated. To quash further rebellion, the Act of Union was imposed in 1800, tying Ireland to the United Kingdom of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Laws discriminating against Catholics and the handling of the Irish Potato Famine of 1845-50 led to increased tension and the proposal of introducing Home Rule gained support.

In 1913 there was a general strike of workers in Dublin led by James Connolly of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (I.T.G.W.U.). This action was followed by the 1913 Lock-Out during which employers literally locked workers out of their factories. Also in 1913 John Redmond, leader of the Irish Nationalist Party, created the Irish Volunteers to counter the Ulster Volunteers, an organisation created to fight against Home Rule. His chief-of-staff was Eoin MacNeill and his commandant was Patrick Pearse.

When World War I began, Irish nationalists flocked to sign up for Britain’s war effort in the hundreds of thousands. They believed they were at last making Ireland one of the small nations of Europe, and that in showing their good faith in Britain they were ensuring Home Rule be passed. However, another more extreme tradition of patriotism considered Home Rule a sell-out. Thomas J. Clarke, who had been previously gaoled after being sent to England on a dynamiting mission in 1883, immigrated to America and then returned to Ireland in 1907. In his tobacconist’s shop in Dublin the Irish Republican Brotherhood (I.R.B.), a group of patriots who wanted national independence, was being revived. He held a meeting with, among others, Patrick Pearse, Eoin MacNeill and Sean MacDermott, who had broken away with a minority of extremist Volunteers when Redmond co-operated with the war effort, and Connolly who was now the creator and commander of the Irish Citizen Army, a worker’s fighting force designed to defend against police brutality. There they made the decision to rise in arms against British rule.

Together they created front organisations for propaganda purposes, such as the Neutrality League and the Wolfe Tone Memorial Committee. The latter organised the funeral of Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa, a supporter of the republican political party, Sinn Féin. It is here on the 15th August 1915 that Patrick Pearse delivered his famous speech:
Life springs from death: and from the graves of patriotic men and women spring living nations. …they have left us our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace.

It was a call for a blood sacrifice in order to free Ireland from British rule. In organising an uprising, the funeral was proof that the Volunteers could organise when secretly directed by the I.R.B. and on St. Patrick’s Day (17th March), Connolly took his Citizen Army on a...

Find Another Essay On The Irish Easter Rebellion 1916

Michael Joseph O’Rahilly and the 1916 Easter Rising in Ireland

1762 words - 7 pages The role of Michael Joseph O’Rahilly (also known as “The O’Rahilly”) in the Easter Rising of 1916, is not much talked about, and this, in my opinion, makes it all the more fascinating. Many would feel, that he has, in a sense, been ‘written out of history’. O’Rahilly was a man who believed that the Irish people could not achieve independence of the British without confrontation in an armed struggle. It was for this reason that he joined played

Review and Analysis of "The Rising: Ireland – Easter 1916" by Fearghal McGarry

929 words - 4 pages Review and Analysis of The Rising: Ireland - Easter 1916Fearghal McGarry begins his new book The Rising - Easter 1916 by recapping the story of what essentially began the rebellion; thirty members of the Irish Citizens Army armed to the teeth walk right up to Dublin Castle and shoot an unarmed police officer in the head at point blank range. They continue into the castle, which despite being "the heart of British establishment in Ireland" was

Symbolism in Yeat's 'The Wild Swan at Coole’ and ‘Easter 1916'

598 words - 2 pages Writers are judged if they’re deemed to be worthy enough in become part of the canon, in the early 20th century, William Butler Yeats, an Irish poet, was deemed worthy enough as he speaks to us across time, culture and political beliefs through his poem which contains timeless truths which are valued by human beings Two of Yeats’s poem ‘The Wild Swan at Coole’ and ‘Easter 1916’ which I’m going to refer as ‘Wild Swan’ and ‘Easter’ both poem

History Of Easter Rebellion

994 words - 4 pages their children for education without forfeiture of their property and citizenship (MacManus, 459). These actions by the British government angered the Irish, and the new wave of rebellion had begun again with the British government fighting back.Strong feelings came to a peak on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916 in the Irish capital of Dublin when approximately 1500 men, led by the Irish, seized the post office and other strategic points ("The

Poetry explication on Easter 1916 by Yates

996 words - 4 pages Ireland that will not yield until the nation is united. As a result because of its powerful choice of words describing the Easter Rising, Yeate's poem "Easter, 1916" plays a major historical part in Ireland's coming of age.The Easter Rebellion of 1916 took place in Dublin, Ireland on Easter Monday. The purpose was the withdrawal of Ireland from the United Kingdom and the formation of an Irish Free State. The Irish Republican Brotherhood and the Irish

among school children

549 words - 2 pages of WB Yeats, Easter '1916', is specifically a response to a political event in Ireland. Easter '1916' referred to the 1916 Easter Rebellion of the Irish nationalists against the British colonists. Yeats captures the essence of the passionate nationalists:From cloud to tumbling cloud,Minute by minute changeYet in the first two stanzas of Easter, 1916 one can detect some confusion on the part of poet as he relates chance meetings before the uprising


549 words - 2 pages of WB Yeats, Easter '1916', is specifically a response to a political event in Ireland. Easter '1916' referred to the 1916 Easter Rebellion of the Irish nationalists against the British colonists. Yeats captures the essence of the passionate nationalists:From cloud to tumbling cloud,Minute by minute changeYet in the first two stanzas of Easter, 1916 one can detect some confusion on the part of poet as he relates chance meetings before the uprising

Easter 1916

2118 words - 8 pages "Easter 1916" The 1916 Easter Rebellion spoke to the heart of Irish nationalism and emerged to dominate nationalist accounts of the origin and evolution of the Irish State. The decision by a hand- full of Irish patriots to strike a blow for Irish independence mesmerized the Irish people in its violent intensity and splendor. According to Richard Kearney, author of Myth and Terror, suddenly everything was dated 'Before or after

"Easter 1916" by William Butler Yeats

2311 words - 9 pages inspired a nation revolution. One of his poems in particular, "Easter 1916," was used to embrace the Irish cause. There was, however, a delicate intricacy to "Easter 1916" that evaded most of its readers at the time. Although "Easter 1916" was seen as a decidedly nationalistic poem, it hid undertones that questioned the very roots of the nationalist cause.Yeats the ManTo understand his work, one must first understand Yeats himself. Over his life

Outline the developments in the easter island uprising

1669 words - 7 pages On Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, a force of Irishmen attempted to seize Dublin, with the ultimate intention of eliminating British rule and creating a completely independent Ireland. Their leaders, such as Patrick Pearse and James Connolly, knew that they were destined to die, but saw the importance of independence, thus the rebellion was inevitable. In the eyes of many the rebellion was a complete failure, with the loss of lives and damage of

The Republic of Ireland

1942 words - 8 pages one by-election. The Sinn Féin began to gain popularity after its participation in the Easter Rising of 1916, contributing Volunteers to the movement. The event Easter Rising took place on April 24, 1916. With the outbreak of World War One (WWI) in 1914, Irish nationalists apart of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) seized the opportunity to organize a rebellion, as they thought Britain as a whole, would be weaker. The rebels, at first, were

Similar Essays

The Irish Easter Rising Of 1916

1129 words - 5 pages involved in the 1916 Easter Rising hoped to end Britain's oppression of Ireland. The groups were the violent and radical Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Irish Volunteers, led by Eoin MacNeill, and the Irish Citizen Army, led by socialist James Connolly. The motive of the Irish Republican Brotherhood was to incite a violent national rising against Britain, which was distracted by the war effort. They wanted to make martyrs of some rebels, to gain

The Easter Rising Of 1916 Essay

1574 words - 7 pages , the IRB decided to attempt an uprising in Dublin. Originally the uprising was planned as a distraction to allow German support to land in Ireland. The Germans sent arms to the Irish in early 1916, but the British intercepted the boat, ending German involvement. ( The failed German support delayed the Rising from Easter Sunday to the following monday. The Easter Rising began on the morning of April 24, 1916. The rebellion opened

The Easter Rising Of 1916 Essay

2314 words - 9 pages The Easter Rising of 1916 The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's subsequent history. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. For centuries, Ireland had been under English rule, the English

The Easter Rising Of 1916: An Annotated Bibliography

1746 words - 7 pages Secondary #2 My second best secondary source was Ireland’s 1916 Rising by Mark McCarthy. The book focuses most of its 500 pages on the celebrations commemorating the Easter Rising, but the first portion of the book focuses on the original Easter Rising and the events. The book includes sections discussing the British laws leading to the rising and the aftermath of the rising that eventually led to the successful Irish rebellion. There are also