The Irish Easter Rising Of 1916

1129 words - 5 pages

The Easter Rising was daringly planned by the Military Council of the Irish Republican Brotherhood to win support across Ireland for the republican cause. Although the Easter Rising was a military and political failure, the rebels did eventually gain more support from the Irish Population. After the Easter Rising the new Sinn Fein party became influential and formed the Dail Eireann, which triggered the Anglo-Irish war.The three Irish groups involved in the 1916 Easter Rising hoped to end Britain's oppression of Ireland. The groups were the violent and radical Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Irish Volunteers, led by Eoin MacNeill, and the Irish Citizen Army, led by socialist James Connolly. The motive of the Irish Republican Brotherhood was to incite a violent national rising against Britain, which was distracted by the war effort. They wanted to make martyrs of some rebels, to gain the support of the Irish people. They planned to take over strategic parts of Dublin on Easter Sunday and establish a republic. Eoin MacNeill, on the other hand, wanted Home Rule for Ireland and didn't want the Irish Volunteers to join the rising. His reasons were that the rebels lacked support, weapons and were outnumbered by the British. However, he agreed to fight after seeing a forged document saying that the leaders of the Irish Volunteers were to be arrested. James Connolly took part in the rising because he believed it would pave the way for Socialism in Ireland. He believed that getting the British out was only the first step. He wanted a Socialist state where everyone is equal and goods are shared out according to need. Although their means were different, all of the groups and their leaders were fighting for a liberated Ireland. However, the Rising didn't go as planned.The leader of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, Patrick Pearse, achieved his aim of a blood sacrifice despite the failure of the rising in other ways. The harsh treatment of the captured rebels by the British turned Irish loyalty towards the rebels. The rebels' aim of a nationwide uprising against the British was never achieved. The rebels were defeated in only six days after intense shelling by the British gunboat Helga, with extensive property damage. 500 were killed during the rising and 3500 arrested. The Irish public was initially hostile towards the rebels, as 220 civilians died in comparison to 64 rebels. The British decided to execute the rebel leaders, ignoring warnings from the Irish Parliamentary Party that it would make them martyrs, which won public support for the rebels. The British executions were brutal. James Connolly was tied to a chair before being shot as he was wounded and could not stand. The sixteen rebel leaders who were executed became known as the sixteen martyrs. Although the Easter Rising was not a complete success, the most important aim of gaining public support was achieved. To many Irish, Home Rule was no longer acceptable and the Irish Parliamentary Party...

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