The Iron Age Essay

1139 words - 5 pages

The Iron Age marks the era of the development in technology, when iron came into existence

and begun general use. Known as the last stage in the archaeological three-stage system sequence:

Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Stone Age. Many societies in the Eastern Hemisphere were among many

entering into the “Iron Age”. In this age people believed in life after death, they also had a strong

assortment of weapons. They also improved methods for transportation.

Beginning to use iron instead of bronze (steel) to produce weapons and tools. Iron posed many

definite advantages not only in technology, but also military advantages when it came to conquering,

invading, or even destroying a city. The Hittites' were the first to find that iron made better weapons

and tools then the bronze material, because the iron was heated it proved to be stronger and longer

lasting. As time pasted they advanced such findings, and by not sharing their knowledge it provided

military and economic advantages over other cities. The Hittites are considered by historians to be the

first founders to develop the technique for making tools/weapons of the iron material. Iron v. Bronze:

Bronze could be melted and poured into molds which caused them to become brittle. While Iron could

be heated slowly and hammered into shape, then sunk in cold water to prevent weakening. In making

the iron“ they'd heat the ore until it was soft enough to shape, pounded it to remove impurities, and then

plunged it into cold water to harden.” They held capital in Anatolia, they also had access to copper,

silver , and iron deposits.

The Hyksos had the best advantages over the Egyptians, when it came to military technologies

possessing such things as: “horse-drawn war chariots, and a composite bow; made of wood and horn,

that had greater range and velocity than the simple wooden bow.” Employing iron into their weapons

such as swords, and spears. They dominated most of Egypt, they inhabited and married Egyptians.

They also took on their ways, though they were still deemed as “foreigners.” The Assyrians had half a

million troops divided into specialty units. Their military technologies consisted of iron weapons,

cavalry, couriers, signal fires, and spy networks. In Carthage the navy was the most important arms in

their power, citizens served as rowers and navigators of warships. The Carthage military consisted of

mercenary soldiers. Other military technologies developed in Ancient times were: slinger, Hoplite

( Greek solider), Auxiliaries ( Roman army), Infantry (ground soldiers on foot), and the Calvary

(French; fought mounted horseback). Battle axes became more dependable. The Iron age created the

“standing army” consisting of citizens. The Assyrians had superior military organization and

technology, their armies were made up of men who fought in exchange for land mostly slaves and


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