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The Israel Palestine Conflict Essay

1210 words - 5 pages

Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and practices. At the same time, there are enough differences that make these two clash. Even those similarities between the two have been the source of conflict for thousands of years. Although there are many conflicts going on in this particular moment in the middle east, I have chosen the ongoing conflict involving Israel and Palestine, primarily due to the death of Yasser Arafat. Primarily, I believe that unless there is a resolution of this conflict, there will never be peace in this portion of the world, and there will always exist a threat to world stability and peace.

The history of the Palestinians and the Israelis date back many centuries. Judea was the home of the Jewish ancestry. Judea was conquered by the Romans and renamed Palestine.
Palestine was later conquered and inhabited by the Arabs for over a thousand years. The Zionist movement arose to restore the Jews to Israel ignoring the existing Arab population.

Towards the end of World War 1, the British government decided to endorse the creation of a Jewish home in Palestine. The decision was made public in a letter from Lord Arthur Balfour addressed to a lead British Zionist, Lord Rothschild. The contents of Balfour's letter which became formally known as the "Balfour Declaration." The Balfour Declaration was drafted with the assistance of United States Presisent Woodrow Wilson, who was a strong supporter of Zionism. Britain saw the need to protect the sea route to India, where most of Britain's economy relied upon. Supporting Zionism was known to be the easiest way of securing lasting British influence of the east region of the Suez Canal.

The Arabs resented the Jews coming in and taking over their land. Under the lead of Grand Mufti Haj Amin El-Husseini, the Arabs rioted repeatedly for days until later revolting. This incident created a history of enmity between the Jews and Arabs in Palestine. Subsequently, Britain put a stop to Jewish immigration into Palestine. It wasn't till after the Holocaust when Britain allowed immigration into Palestine. In 1947, the United Nations partitioned the land into Arab and Jewish states. The Arabs did not accept the partition, which led to a breakout of war. Decisively, the Jews won an astounding victory. The victory expanded their state, and created several hundred thousand Palestinian refugees.

Palestine was synonomous with Yasser Arafat. Arafat was an Egyptian Palestinian who grew up in the Gaza strip. Mr. Arafat had been a member of the Ikhwan (Muslim Brothers) and the Futtuwah (Palestinian armed faction of Haj Amin El Hussaini). Arafat had moved to Kuwait in 1957. Along with Khalil Al Wazir, Farouq Qadumi, Khalid al Hassan, they formed the Palestine Liberation Committee, also known as the Fatah.

Israel's retaliation against terrorism created violent protests throughout the Arab...

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