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The Israel Palestine Conflict Essay

1523 words - 6 pages

The Israel-Palestine Conflict
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a part of the greater Arab-Israeli
long-running conflict in the Middle East. The main point of this
conflict is the existence of the state of Israel and its relations
with Arab states and with the Palestinian population in the area. The
idea and concept of Israel was born in the mid 19th century. Jews of
Europe and America wanted a place for their homeland, where they could
go and be with others of the same race and religion. Palestine was
chosen because of its religious routs from The Bible as the “promised
land” from God, and the motherland of Jews fled, known as the
Diaspora. By the late 19th century there was a significant number of
Jewish activists, calling themselves and the movement Zionists. The
movement was established by journalist Theodor Herzl who declared the
aim of Zionist movement to establish Jewish home in Palestine.
(http://www.teena.org.il) But at the beginning of 20th century, the
Ottoman Empire controlled Palestine, so it was virtually impossible to
establish the independent state there. The First World War became the
turning point in the history of the Middle East for Jews and Arabs. It
brought Britain onto the stage. In July 1915 the promise was made
between Sherif Hussein and Sir Henry McMahon and was called the
McMahon Promise. Arabs were promised independence, which they desired
so much. But two years later the Balfour Declaration was established
on 2nd November 1917, as a “declaration of sympathy”. Britain needed
help with the war to win. Without consulting the Palestinians, the
British government offered to support the establishment of a Jewish
national home in Palestine while "it being understood that nothing
shall be done that may prejudice the civil and religious rights of
existing no-Jewish communities in Palestine" and preserving the rights
of Europe's Jews in their countries of origin
(www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration_1917 ).

By 1918 both Jews and Arabs believed that they had the right to rule
themselves in their own land – Palestine. However, at the end of war
Britain regretted to give independence both Arabs and Jewish.
Palestine became a territory governed by Britain. Increased Jewish
immigration led to the worsening of the relations between communities.
Jews were purchasing land and would not employ Arab workers, who may
have been working on that land for their whole life. Britain tried to
restrict the immigration of Jews, but because of the strong Jewish
lobby in it’s own and US governments could do nothing. And with the
massive increase of Jewish immigrants following the Nazi persecution
in Europe, the idea of restricting immigration lost its sense.
Palestine became a refuge from the dictatorship of the Nazis for
Jewish.

After the end of...

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