The Israeli And Palestinian Gaza Conflict

1977 words - 8 pages

Broad international consensus regarding the political and legal controversies of the Israeli and Palestinian Gaza conflict has been minimal at best. At its worst it has fueled the controversies created by the United Nations Fact Finding Mission, through which, both sides maintain their positions and justification for their actions. In ordered to obtain an opinion on this issue one must examine the factual historical background of the Gaza Conflict. By identifying the major legal and political discrepancies, observing the perspectives of those who defend Israeli actions, and those who have a strong critique against those actions we can grasp the complexity of this issue and make an assessment of actions on both sides.
In 2005 Israel withdrew forces from the Gaza Strip but did so with conditions toward Palestinian authorities. It must put an end to terror tactics in and around Israeli territory. This seemed a promising step toward Palestinian and Israeli peace until 2006 when the political group Hamas took power and declared that it would not recognize the existence of Israel. It rejected the Oslo Accords and Arab Peace Initiative and separated itself from negotiating with Israel. Since coming to power Hamas had openly advocated for attacks against Israel. In 2007 Hamas’s influence spread to the Gaza Strip, that same year Israel implemented a blockade that crippled Gaza’s economic activity which raised ethical and moral political questions in the international community. In early 2008, after many mortars and rockets were fired across the border into Israel, the air force and defense forces retaliate taking the lives of many Palestinian civilians and militants. Israeli defense officials viewed these attacks as Hamas breaking the Peace Initiative and justifies its aggression along these lines. News spread throughout the Arab community that Israeli Defense Forces were intentionally targeting civilians as a matter of policy. International outcry caused the creation of the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict. This conflict has brought about legal and political controversies pertaining to the use of force, obligations of Palestinian and Israeli forces to use precaution pertaining to civilian population and infrastructure, illegality of the blockade, and human rights abuses by Israeli defense forces which still elude full resolution and clarity.
Based on the United Nations Fact Finding Missions on the Gaza Conflict (aka the Goldstone Report) defenders of Israeli actions such as Golda Begin would start by arguing that the fact finding mission came in with pre-conceived biases against Israel. Alan Dershowitz believes the fact finding mission is “far more accusatory of Israeli actions, far less balanced in its criticism of Hamas, far less honest in its evaluation of evidence, far less responsible in drawing its conclusions, far more biased against Israeli than Palestinian witnesses, and far more willing to draw adverse inferences...

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