The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been a never-ending problem facing the two states. It began in the 19th century during the Ottoman or British rule. This was between the Arabs living in Palestine and the Jews living in Israel. It was Zionism for the Jews against Arab nationalism. This conflict was known as the Arab-Israeli conflict. The main issues were; border disputes, security, the control of Jerusalem, recognition as well as Palestinian freedom of movement. These issues are what spear headed the intensifying of the conflict thus it became as part of day to day activity between the two states. The Zionists believed that Palestine was their land as according to them it was part of their historic homeland- Land of Israel. The Arabs however already inhabited the place and so there was a misunderstanding between two races. Generally that is when the conflict began till now.
Being that the conflict is not new, some of the issues were solved but unfortunately there are still some current issues. These are; the dispute over ownership of Jerusalem, restoration of Palestinian refugees back to their homelands and security concerns by Israel (Sela 2002). These are the issues which need to be looked at in order to end the conflict as it has had adverse effects even on other nations around the world.
The dispute as to which nation should claim ownership of the city of Jerusalem has been one of the major issues causing the conflict. The Israelis view Jerusalem as part of their historic homeland. It is somewhat a religious city to them owing to the Abraham religions- Judaism, Christianity and Islam (Sela 2002). However Palestinians already claim parts of the city which were not under Israeli jurisdiction. This being the cases, Palestinians want to retain their ownership of those parts and restore back their people who were displaced by the Israelis. There is great fear on the Israelis side if Palestinians are given the authority to rule Jerusalem. In order for this not to happen the Israelis are fighting to ensure this does not occur. During the late 19th century, Jews were being massacred in Russia by Hitler. They retaliated by escaping and settling in Jerusalem their historic homeland (Flapan 2003). At that time, there were Palestinian nationals who were already occupying some parts of Jerusalem. In order to settle, the Jews displaced the Palestinians and took over their lands. The Palestinians thus became refugees and this was in 1948. This has disturbed the Palestinian Government ever since. Together with its citizens, Palestine wants its people restored to their homelands. This has led to serious confrontations between the two states which has caused collateral damage. Quite unfortunately, no signs of peace or reconciliation are evident between the two states.
There have been a lot of concerns by the Israeli about their security and safety. Palestinians over the past years have attacked Israelis and caused grievous damages. This to the...