The Issue of Abortion
People all over the world, especially those in American society, do not take the issue of abortion lightly. Dealing with ethics, religious beliefs and the law, it is one of the most controversial subjects of this time. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemma that forces many individuals to react in very strong and unfortunately, opposing ways.
Forty percent of the American people believe that the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the woman who is pregnant and the state has no right to interfere. These people are known as "Pro-Choicers." Another Forty percent of the American people believe that it should be banned except when the pregnancy threatens the life of the mother or is the result of rape or incest. These people are considered "Pro-Lifers."1 There are also many who believe abortion should be banned completely, and there are those who are undecided.
Today, abortion is deliberated as a women's own right and choice. In 1973, the Roe vs. Wade decision proved this by recognizing abortion as a fundamental, constitutional right and made it legal in all states. The law now permits abortion at the request of the woman without any restrictions in the first trimester and some restrictions in the second trimester to protect the woman's health.2 Because of this decision, almost every third baby conceived in the United States is killed by abortion; this results to over one and a half million unborn deaths per year. The National Abortion Right Act League argues that without legal abortion women would be denied their constitutional right of privacy and liberty.3 The woman's right to her own body subordinates those of the fetus. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Roe v. Wade that the woman's "right to privacy" overruled the fetus's right to life. If abortion was illegal it would force destitute women to bear and raise children they cannot afford to bring up, many of whom are already on welfare. There would be a drastic increase of illegal and unsafe abortions done by inept specialists persuaded by women driven by desperation. Worst of all, it would condemn victims of rape and incest to carry and nurture the offspring of their rapist. Abortion is necessary for women to have control over their own bodies and life. Since pregnancy involves a woman's body, the choice of continuing that pregnancy must be hers alone.
Even with this Supreme Court decision, abortion is still considered murder by more than half of all Americans. Pro-lifers believe that human life begins at the moment of conception. A woman has the right to have sex with whoever she chooses, but she...