The Problem Of Campus Crime Essay

1609 words - 6 pages

There are many myths and improper public perceptions about campus crime. There reality is that everyday common property crimes far outnumber violent crimes on campus (Bromley, 2007, pg. 280). This misperception is largely because of many factors. Campus policing has gone through several eras of policing. Unique to campus policing is that there are several influential and interested parties, such as the legislative, and judicial branches of government. As a result of this, campus crime has been a part of, and influenced to participate in newer forms of policing such as community oriented policing. In addition to community oriented policing there are several things that can be done to try and reduce campus crime. Also, campus crime has the unique aspect of being valuable and working in coordination with many researchers in the field of Criminal Justice that provide valuable insight into campus crime.

Campus Police and policing.
While there were types of official intervention that existed since the beginning of American colleges and university, it was only in 1894 that Yale University unveiled the first “official” campus police force (Bromley, 2007, pg. 281). This particular unveiling was regarded as being so successful that at Yale this police force became a permanent fixture of their institution and began to spread elsewhere (Bromley, 2007, pg. 281). While spreading, campus police experienced three major eras. The first spans from 1900 through the 1960’s and the policing emphasis was on control student misconduct and protecting property (Bromley, 2007, pg. 281). Next, due primarily to major protests and civil disturbances in the 1960’s and 1970’s, this led to police to move towards making dramatic changes, knows as the professional era (Bromley, 2007, pg. 282). In the professional era, which was from the late 1960’s to the early 1980’s, police aimed to improve their training and techniques, by training with other departments, joining national associations and accrediting bodies (Bromley, 2007, pg. 283). The third period of campus policing is from the late 1980’s to the present, and is largely based on the phenomenon that swept across police department nationwide known as Community Oriented Policing, or “COPS” (Bromley, 2007, pg. 285). There are several reasons for this trend among campus police, many campuses represent diverse groups, have large populations with special events such as sporting events, many have access to nuclear or other sensitive in nature fields, these and other factors make the policing of a campus a unique field (Bromley, 2007, pg. 284). COPS is particularly suited to deal with unique aspects such as these because under COPS, police work closely with the public to come up with innovative ways to deal with crime (Bromley, 2007, pg. 285). Another reason is that campuses are often geographically small, the population is inherently educated, experimenting with new policing ideas and techniques, such as COPS, is...

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