The Issue of Illegal Immigrants from Mexico
One of the most controversial political issues of today is that of illegal immigrants from Mexico. Illegal immigration into the United States is a problem that should be stopped, as it is unfair to both Americans and to the people of the country from which they illegal immigrated. It is that the majority of illegal aliens residing in the United States are Mexicans. Roy Beck clarifies the situation by stating, " The national consensus is that the United States should be a post-mass immigration country has included most leaders of business, religion, labor, academia, and social work." Illegal immigration from Mexico must be stopped by means of different policies and other methods of prevention, because the effects on both Mexico and United States are unfavorable.
There are multiple policies and means of preventing illegal immigrants from entering the United States. The first move to stop immigration was decided by congress. It was a law in 1862 restricting to the United States. The Alien Contract Labor Laws of 1885, 1887, 1888 and 1891 restricted the immigration to the United States of people entering the country to work under contacts made before their arrival. Alien skilled laborers, under these laws, were allowed to enter the United States to work in new industries.
In the 1980's concern about the surge of illegal aliens into the United States has led Congress to pass legislation aimed at cutting illegal immigration. The immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 allows most illegal aliens who have resided in the United States regularly since January 1, 1982, to apply for legal status. The law also prohibits employers from hiring illegal aliens and mandates penalties for violations.
Immigration laws are the catalysts of illegal immigration prevention. Proposition 187 is a tough immigration law clamping down on illegal aliens, used in California, the state with the most illegal immigrants. It doubled the number of boarder guards, made it harder for legal immigrants to bring their families over. The Border Patrol is the most effective and widely used form of prevention. It is an agency of Immigration and Naturalization, that is charged with detecting and preventing illegal passage to the United States between Mexico and America. The new immigration legislation nearly doubles the size of the Border Patrol. In addition, National Guard and active-duty armed forces personnel are used more and more along the border. Local police forces are also being authorized to enforce immigration law, says Roberto Martinez of the American Friends Services Committee's U.S./Mexico border program.12.
The major reason Mexicans tend to illegally immigrate is to find jobs. A bill shown to the House, by California would let the employer enter a job applicant's social security number over the phone to receive confirmation, of a person's official citizenship. That would work in conjunction with...