This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Difficulty Of Liberal And Democratic Politicians To Oppose The Rise Of Fascism In The Years 1919 1922

994 words - 4 pages

The Difficulty of Liberal and Democratic Politicians to Oppose the Rise of Fascism in the Years 1919-1922

Liberal politicians found it difficult to oppose the rise of Fascism
because of the various problems in Italy which they did not tackle.
These include the widespread discontent over the result of the war and
the ‘mutilated’ victory, the economic dislocation brought about by the
war, the socialist threat in the two red years and the weaknesses of
the Liberal Government itself. Italians turned to the Fascists because
they promised to solve these problems and give Italy a strong
government and make it powerful.

One of the difficulties the Liberal Government faced in opposing the
rise of Fascism was the response to the outcome of the Great War and
the spread of nationalist feelings throughout Italy. Not only did
Italy suffer great losses in the during war itself, for example the
huge losses it suffered in the Battle of Capporetto , but it did not
receive all the land it was promised before Italy entered the war in
the Treaty of London. Italy received 14,500 sq km of land yet all
Italians saw was the fact that Italy was not allowed to have the
Dalmatian coast or to take Fiume because US President Woodrow Wilson
wanted these places to remain free from foreign control. Italians saw
this as a great humiliation and as a ‘mutilated’ victory. This was
followed by the spread of Nationalist feelings throughout Italy which
encouraged the growth of Fascism which had Nationalistic and
Imperialistic elements and promised to make Italy strong.

Another difficulty the liberals faced in opposing the rise of the
Fascists was the economic situation in Italy after the war and the
promises of the Fascists to solve the problems. The war years saw a
surge in industrialisation in the Milan-Turin-Genoa triangle to meet
the Liberal Governments demands for ammunition which together with
food supplies, pension payments, and soldiers’ wages became very
expensive. The liberals paid for it by borrowing money but by the end
of the war Italy was 85 billion lire in debt, 4 times the 1914 figure.
Also, the liberals paid for it by simply printing more money and in
1918 inflation rates rose 25% faster than wage rate. By 1919 the lire
lost half its value. Also the reduction in the need for munitions
after the way severely affected the war industries. This, together
with the rapid demobilisation of troops caused unemployment to rise
from 2 million to 5 million after the war. This economic dislocation

Find Another Essay On The Difficulty of Liberal and Democratic Politicians to Oppose the Rise of Fascism in the Years 1919-1922

Benito Mussolini and the rise of fascism

1038 words - 4 pages . Hitler and Mussolini supported each other, however as the years went by, Benito Mussolini became more and more influenced by Hitler. The rise of Benito Mussolini and his political party played a critical role in the growth of fascism as well as Italy's decision to side with Germany in World War 2.Before Benito Mussolini and his fascist regime came to power, Italy was in a horrible state. Italy had suffered badly during the First World War having

Discuss the rise and consolidation of Fascism in Italy

2301 words - 9 pages in all directions, therefore being able to attract a wide range of support. However, Mussolini's prominence came more from being a journalist rather than being a leader of Fascism and this showed in the elections of 1919 where they failed to secure a single seat and by the end of that year there were perhaps only 4000 supporters of Fascism in Italy. He the realised that to succeed he would need to be more right wing. He abandoned anti - catholic

The Fear of Socialism and the Rise to Power of the Nazis in Germany between 1919 and 1933

2646 words - 11 pages The Fear of Socialism and the Rise to Power of the Nazis in Germany between 1919 and 1933 By the end of 1918 it was clear that the axis powers had lost the Great War. The German people were demoralised and hungry. The nationalistic fervour with which they had greeted the start of the war had gradually evaporated – replaced by a desire for (fair) peace with the Allies. Kaiser Wilhelm II, who had led his people into the

The Personality Traits and Private Lives of Politicians Should Have no Bearing in Democratic Political Discourse

1539 words - 7 pages Social media can also be used as a method to appear more connected to the citizens and as a platform to share personal images from the private lives of politicians. This has been a rather successful approach as many politicians have taken to using social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook. An example of this is Barack Obama’s most retweeted Twitter post, that contained a photograph of the President and the First Lady in a warm embrace

Compare and Contrast the rise and forms of Fascism in Germany and Italy

1003 words - 4 pages the Fascists represented a means to stop the socialists and the communists, at the time many of the politicians were conservatives and in the eyes of conservative politicians, considered communism an evil force who them supported a moderate to full control form of Fascism. Mussolini was seen as a great anti-socialist leader was backed by wealthy industrialists and landowners, which allowed him with the aid of the conservative politicians was

The personality traits and private lives of politicians should have no bearing in democratic political discourse. Critically discuss.

1316 words - 6 pages and candidates win for all kinds of reasons. Only occasionally do personal factors turn be decisive” (King, 2002:216). Therefore, personality traits and the private lives of politicians should not have an important place in political discourse as they are irrelevant, and do not tell us much about how the individual would handle a position of power. Furthermore, this increase on the emphasis the media puts on the private lives and

Is Frances "The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens," more democratic, or liberal? In the classical sense

528 words - 2 pages “The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens,” written in 18th century, had the intent of giving more freedom to the French citizen, by the French citizen. The declaration passed when King Louis XVI called together, for the first time in 170 years, the Estates-General because of a financial crisis. The Estates-General included members from the church, the nobility, and the Third Estate (the people). Inevitably, the Third

The Rise of Universal Liberal Values?

1111 words - 4 pages The Rise of Universal Liberal Values? Democracy is one thing, and constitutional liberalism quite another. In the inexorable march of modernity, Fareed Zakaria argues in The Rise of Illiberal Democracy, the message of constitutional liberalism has gotten lost in the clamor for democracy. This is problematic because, without a strong foundation of pluralism and constitutional liberalism, the apparatus of democracy can easily be hijacked by

The Rise of a Liberal Democracy

1636 words - 7 pages /rights built in to protect the people from themselves. It has basic rights like freedom of speech, press, religion, etc. written out so the Government cannot infringe upon them. Liberal Democracy also has Free and fair multi-party elections held so the people have a voice. It is not necessarily used directly by the people but has representatives for them in charge. Illiberal democracy is a democracy with free and fair elections and that is all; it

The Events of 1922

817 words - 3 pages dig up dirt on him, no matter how long it takes. Jack (in 1939) reflects that the judge and Willie are dead, along with several other people, and he leads the reader to believe the dirt he dug up caused all of it. Jack then proceeds to tell the events of 1922, where a scandal involving the construction of a schoolhouse is taking place. He used to be a reporter and the Chronicle has sent him to find everything out. He discovers that four

The Language of Politicians

1210 words - 5 pages Politicians, throughout all of history, have used their words to escape trouble or explain away actions undertaken. In George Orwell’s “Politics and The English Language,” Orwell states that politicians speak with outlandish vernacular that they do not even understand, and are so vague in their descriptions of events that it makes horrendous incidents seem like nothing.(Orwell) These are some of the foremost reasons that no one has an assured

Similar Essays

Causes In The Rise Of Italian Fascism: 1870 To 1922

3635 words - 15 pages " social, political and economic integration, and to get the Italian people to accept and support the state, and feel a communality of purpose and interest with it," or, as Massimo D'Azeglio so eloquently put it: "We have made Italy, now we must make Italians..." (Lintner, 2001, p.172) This task was to prove so difficult for the Liberal state that it would actually fail, leaving room for the rise of Fascism in the 1920's and to it's chokehold on

Europe Between The Wars: Fascism And The Nazi Rise To Power (1919 1939)

3940 words - 16 pages find his arguments compelling or flawed? Why is war such an important requirement for the fascist state? What did Mussolini mean by "[the individual] is deprived of all useless and possibly harmful freedom, but retains what is essential"? What is "harmful freedom" as opposed to "essential freedom"? In what ways was Hitler's concept of fascism (as expressed in the various documents) consistent or inconsistent with Mussolini's concept?3. Why was the

The Rise Of Fascism Due More To The Personality Of Mussolini Than The Failures Of Liberal Italy

1550 words - 6 pages The Rise of Fascism Due More to the Personality of Mussolini than the Failures of Liberal Italy In 1922, Mussolini became the prime minister of Italy. This meant the end of Liberal Italy, and the rise of Fascism. Mussolini managed to do this because of his incredible personality, one which helped him be an excellent politician. On the other hand, Liberal Italy failed to fulfill national expectancy, also helping in the rise

The Rise Of Fascism In Italy

645 words - 3 pages Rise of fascism in ItalyThe end of WWII brought inflation, unemployment and talk of revolution to Italy.Peasants confiscated land they had been promised. Strikes were countered by lockout which was countered by occupying factories.Italy felt humiliated b/c of the peace treaty and the fact they didn't get Dalmatian islands and other bigger western powers treated them like doody.Gabriele d' Annunzio, Italy's most famous poet, led an expedition and