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The Problems In The Middle East

1300 words - 5 pages

The Problems in the Middle East

The land of Israel once belonged to the Jews in 1948, but Diaspora,
the Arabs claimed the land. Since the return of the Jews to their
'homeland' the two races have fought over what they both claim to be
their Holy Land. The conflict between Arab and Jew still rages, with
suicide bombings and militia violence happening every day. Because of
the nature and age of the conflict, perhaps a lasting peace between
Arab and Jew is impossible.

Jews believe that their God promised the land to them, and Jerusalem,
the capital of Israel, is their Holy City. Apart from the holy shrines
and places of worship, the Arabs and Israelis are fighting over living
space. Since the creation of the Jewish state of Israel, Moslem Arabs
have waged many wars on the new territory. In every one of those wars,
the Arabs lost or signed an armistice, sometimes even losing more of
their territory to the Jews. Unfortunately because of all this, it is
hard to imagine that there will be a lasting peace between Jew and
Arab in the foresee

In 1948 the state of Israel was created out of the land Palestine.
Since then there has been almost continuous conflict between Israel
and its neighbour Arabs. The Middle East has hardly ever been out of
news. In the time of Jesus first century ad Palestine was ruled by the
Romans. In AD 70 again in AD 135 the Jews rebelled against their roman
rulers. Roman soldiers crushed both revolt, destroyed the city of
Jerusalem and expelled the Jews. Many thousands fled to neighbouring
countries and over the next 200 years they settled in almost every
part of the Roman Empire. Many become merchants, sand farmers, bankers
and craftsmen. Some became wealthy and gained important positions in
the governments of the new lands in which they lived. Then in the
middle Ages, the Jews were expelled form Western Europe and many
settled in Russia and Poland. But they were often persecuted. Almost
all Europeans were Christians and they forced the Jews to live in
separate areas. They were not allowed to vote or even to buy their own
land. Such anti - Jewish behaviour is known as anti Semitism.

For hundreds of years Jews dreamt and prayed that they would be able
to celebrate 'next year in Jerusalem '.

In 1917 the British were very keen to bring the United States into the
First World War against Germany. The British believed that the Jews in
America could influence third government's actions and so Britain
declared its support for a Jewish home land in Palestine. This
declaration was made in the form of a letter to Lord Rothschild a
leading British Jew, in November 1917. It became known as the 'bal
four declaration' because I was signed by the British foreign
secretary, Arthur James.

For many centuries the Arabs have lived in the lands which we call the
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