The Italian Debacle In Adwa: Domestic, Foreign, Geo Political And Topographical Causes

990 words - 4 pages

This essay asks why the forces of the newly emerged Great Power of Italy were so completely obliterated by the Ethiopians and their aspirations to empire crushed by them during the Campaign to Adawa. Essentially, the Campaign to Adawa was a series of skirmishes between Italy and local warlords and tribal leaders, known as ‘Ras’, which culminated in the catastrophic battle of Adawa. Essentially, Italy failed to complete a successful campaign to Adawa because of massive leftish political and public pressure at home. It failed to build a strong military because the budget cuts from it’s economic troubles at home were bourn by the troops. Additionally, Italy failed because its foreign policy ...view middle of the document...

These political and media views were echoed by the masses, who used to host “spontaneous demonstrations” where they shouted “viva Melenik”, honoring the king of Ethiopia in the public squares of Rome. Additionally, the war was considered to be solely in the interests of the Italian King Victor Immannuel and the Prime Minister Signor Crispi. This regime was known for brutality in Italy, and were famously known to have used indiscriminate force to crush a leftist uprising in Sicily. in 1894. Triulzi remarks that “Sicilian Peasants were equalled to rioting Africans to be easily pacified and brutally put down”. This manifested itself on the battlefield. The only first hand English account of the war was by an English observer, G. F-H Berkeley. Berkeley recalls his conversations with the head of the Italian Operation, General Baratieri. Baratieri noted that he had a “strong impression of having finally risked a battle against his better judgement” in light of the potential backlash back home. The parliamentary gridlock also affected his on field policies, in his official instructions, Baratieri notes “there was nothing definite in the telegram beyond the demand for a ‘plan of campaign”. He subsequently attributes a failure to attack Adwa on this lack of direction, saying that the only option given to him was to remain entrenched as long as his supplies held out.The vague plan of operation as well as the well publicized disdain for the operation had infected the Italian Troops in Abbysinia with a low morale and “a sort of lethargy”, about the operation according to Berkeley.It is evident that the anti-war movement in government and civil society in Italy had created a sort of “Vietnam Syndrome” among the military in Ethiopia. A famous quote by Canadian Marshall McLuhan states “that Veitnam was won and lost in the living rooms of America-not on the battlefields of Vietnam”. In that country, frequent public demonstration and strong left wing political sentiment against Vietnam stagnated...

Find Another Essay On The Italian Debacle in Adwa: Domestic, Foreign, Geo-Political and Topographical Causes

the causes domestic Violence Essay

2487 words - 10 pages accused of the devesting Oklahoma City bombing of a federal building; Jeffery Dahmer, who was killed in prison after he was sentenced for the murders of several men.Violence is a very broad topic, although it is categorized into many small groups. There is domestic violence, juvenile violence, hate violence, terrorist violence, and violence displaced through various forms of mass media. Domestic violence is a form of violence that usually occurs

Wag the Dog Theory: Domestic Scandal and Foreign Policy

837 words - 3 pages presidents have indulged in foreign affairs, foreign tours, summits with foreign leaders, foreign conflicts or certain bold or rash decisions when faced with problems of economic or political nature on the domestic front. Harry S. Truman atom-bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which he could have avoided, but that would have dragged on the WWII a little longer creating more problems for him on the domestic front. Kennedy’s ill-planned Bay of Pigs fiasco

The Role of Political Islam in Egypt’s Domestic

1000 words - 4 pages point that "Brothers" became more distanced from society and its demands for freedom, justice and development remained unanswered. Among other things, they, in essence, resisted further democratization of the political system. Thus, Islamic fundamentalists in Egypt were unable to stand either as technocrats or as a unifying force. 2.2. Egypt’s foreign policy after the 2011 revolution The victory of Islamists, not liberals, on parliamentary and

"The boundaries in the enlargement of Europe" Cultural, geo-political, institutional/legal boundaries that are shifting in the enlargement process of European Union

1812 words - 7 pages significant geo-political "player" in the world system arena. Since this geopolitical boundary is mainly determined by the international system as such, the EU has limited control over it."The cultural/political boundary refers to the fact that culture and political values can also serve as a boundary between insiders and outsiders" (Friis and Murphy, 1999:216-7) According to the Treaty of the European Union, members of the organization have to be

Changes in Foreign Policies, Culture, and Domestic Policies After 9/11

2961 words - 12 pages turned into political power. "Public consciousness was so shaped by 9/11 and Bush's determination to carry the war on terror to successive battlefields, that the country settled for a "war-time" president amidst serious domestic issues of economy and healthcare." Many analysts credit the 9/11 attacks with the Republican party taking control of the U.S. Senate and enlarging their majority in the house of Representatives. President Bush still creates

Social and Political Causes of the Civil War

944 words - 4 pages divided upon these issues and continued to drift further apart with every compromise, movement, and legal decision, increasing violence and hostility on both sides. Although there existed many causes of the Civil War, in the end, the two most important causes of the Civil War were political and social. Political events including the Dred Scott Decision and the States’ Rights Doctrine before the Civil War increased tensions between the

Political, Social, and Economic Causes of the American Revolution

1428 words - 6 pages eked away with no end in sight. The ingenuity of Jefferson’s strategy was that he endowed his fellow citizens with rights that they knew they were entitled to. The pursuit of these unalienable rights – life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness – cut across all social, economic, and political divisions to unite the common man.      It is clear that there were many strata that were represented in the struggle for American

Domestic Violence: Theory, Effects & Interventions A literature review on the causes, and societal, psychological, and physical effects of domestic violence

5819 words - 23 pages two states (Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence Manual, p. B-8). Old English Common Law allowed husbands to beat their wives provided that the stick they used was not thicker than his thumb; hence the phrase "Rule of Thumb"(Heart on a Chain [Video]). Although times have changed in this regard and laws have been enacted in order to protect women from abuse, the fact remains that acts of domestic violence occur every 15 seconds in the

Turkey's Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics

1882 words - 8 pages Turkey's Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics The country of Turkey, slightly larger than Texas in size (780,580 sq km), lies on the southeastern side of Europe and the southwestern side of Asia.? It borders the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.? Land wise, Turkey is bordered to the northwest by Bulgaria and Greece, to the east by Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia (all three part of the former

What Are the Causes of Domestic Violence?

588 words - 2 pages victims of abuse (www.medicinenet.com). Sometimes it can even lead to death for the victim. The causes of domestic violence seem to be the same in every culture, religion, economic class and society. Low income is one cause of abuse. People that have a low income, around poverty level, have a harder time making ends meat therefore they tend to have more stress. Stress in a relationship can lead to abuse. The bread winner in the family may feel

The Deception and Destruction of Purity in The Italian

1058 words - 4 pages The Deception and Destruction of Purity in The Italian Purity in the Gothic genre can be perceived from so many points of view. It involves sex, beauty, perception, and people's position in society. "The Italian" has many characters that behold either one or more of these traits. In this paper, we will explore how Ann Radcliffe uses purity and the deception and destruction of it to enhance her character's role in the Gothic genre

Similar Essays

Political Parties Were The Result Of Domestic And Foreign Affairs That Helped Shape And Build A Foundation For American Politics In The 1790's

421 words - 2 pages Political parties were the result of domestic and foreign affairs that helped shape and build a foundation for American politics in the 1790's. Politics are the art or science of winning and holding office; competition between interests groups for power and leadership. The people soon began to drift into different political parties as a result of affairs that took place in the 1790's.A large role in the splitting of political beliefs was due to

Domestic And Foreign Comedies Essay

2162 words - 9 pages Title g Domestic and Foreign Comedies The most successful movies worldwide are comedies. Comedies are able to bring together many cultures together and have them agree on one thing – and that it being entertained. In the United States, comedy developed from the early slapstick, into screwball comedies, to dark comedies and finally social satires. Foreign films take everyday societal problems, or quirks and makes them into brilliant comedic

The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights In U.S. Domestic And Foreign Policy

1559 words - 7 pages The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in U.S. Domestic and Foreign Policy You are a ten year old girl living in Uganda. Your clothes are filthy, and you haven’t eaten in two days. You’re currently hiding under a rusty piece of scrap metal from those people- the ones who go around collecting children sometimes younger than yourself to fight. You’ve heard stories about the other children that have been taken- stories of drugs, rape, and abuse

Causes In The Rise Of Italian Fascism: 1870 To 1922

3635 words - 15 pages " social, political and economic integration, and to get the Italian people to accept and support the state, and feel a communality of purpose and interest with it," or, as Massimo D'Azeglio so eloquently put it: "We have made Italy, now we must make Italians..." (Lintner, 2001, p.172) This task was to prove so difficult for the Liberal state that it would actually fail, leaving room for the rise of Fascism in the 1920's and to it's chokehold on