The James Ossuary And The Jehoash Tablet.

1059 words - 4 pages

Professor ClineAnthropology 188Oded Golan's ForgeriesIn the past few years, Israeli antiquities dealer, Oded Golan, came under suspicion for forging several of his "artifacts". Two of the best known pieces belonging to/created by Golan are the James Ossuary and the Jehoash Tablet. An ossuary is a chest that holds human skeletal remains, a "bone box", and was a popular method of burial for Jews during the Roman Period from about First Century BCE to 70 AD. The James Ossuary is noteworthy because of its inscription which reads "James, Son of Joseph, Brother of Jesus" most likely referring to Jesus of Nazareth. The other "antique" is the Jehoash Tablet. If authentic, the tablet is significant because it validates the truth of the writings in the Book of Kings by describing repairs made to the temple in Jerusalem by Jehoash, son of King Ahaziah of Judah which corresponded to the account in 2 Kings12. The inscription would also be the first extra biblical mention of an Israelite king of that era (Shanks, 3/2003). While Oded Golan has not been convicted yet, I believe the evidence testifying to forgery is overwhelming.The James Ossuary came under public speculation when a well known epigrapher, Andre Lemaire accepted the invitation back to Golan's place to look at an ossuary. At Golan's, Lemaire "discovered" the James Ossuary, as Golan claimed he did not know what the inscription stated. In Lemaire's expert opinion, the inscription appeared authentic, and the Ossuary passed the examination by the Geological Survey of Israel (Cline, 4/25/06). While this might seem like an extraordinary risk for a forger to take, an epigrapher's approval increases the value of antiques by consequential amounts.After Lemaire's endorsement, Golan's treatment of the James Ossuary is another indication of its lack of authenticity. When shipped over various distances, most archaeologists or antique dealers take painstaking effort in making sure their artifacts are well protected. In contrast, the ossuary arrived at an archaeological conference in Toronto in 2002 packed only in a cardboard box with a few layers of bubble-wrap surrounding the ancient stone. Not surprisingly, the stone cracked. However Golan had insured the Ossuary for about two million dollars, so in one move he attempted to make a lot of money and prevent the experts from being able to discover anything suspicious about his "artifact" (Cline, 4/25/06).While mending the cracks, the repairers found several incongruent elements in the inscription. Some experts believe it was written by two different authors where "James, son of Joseph" is authentic, but "brother of Jesus" was added on later by Golan. Yuval Goren and Avner Ayalon of GSI, members of "The Fraud Squad" (Cline, 4/25/06) identified three different coatings in the ossuary, the last of which was artificial and covered only the inscription. Letters had been cut through the patina and covered with artificial coating. Some scholars attribute the...

Find Another Essay On The James Ossuary and the Jehoash Tablet.

The Life and Death of James Madison

927 words - 4 pages James Madison was born March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia, while his mother was visiting her parents. He was the son of James and Nelly Conway Madison. After a few weeks, she traveled back to Montpelier Estate, in Orange County, with her newborn. This became his lifelong home. He was the oldest of 10 children and a descendent of the planter aristocracy. His early education was gained from his mother, many tutors, and at a private

Jesse James and Billy the Kid

1133 words - 5 pages The definition of an outlaw is “One that is unconventional or rebellious”. Billy the Kid and Jesse James were two notorious outlaws, both icons of the Wild West. Billy the kid, a hard headed criminal with no mercy, a ruthless killer that so many men and women were afraid of became a problem that the law could not put up with. On the other hand Jesse James became an organized crime boss that tried to strike it rich by rebelling against the North

James Madison and the Slavery Issue

3379 words - 14 pages James Madison and the Slavery Issue The Revolutionary period of the United States was a time filled with much turmoil and confusion as to how this newly found nation, should be modeled. Many delicate issues were discussed and planned out to get the best outcome for all concerned. One of these issues that cast an ominous shadow over the new republic was the slavery issue. Some of the most prominent figures at the head of this nation wanted

The Life and Works of James Joyce

1260 words - 6 pages Ulysses James Joyce was a renowned Irish author and poet most known for writing the book Ulysses which parallels the events of The Odyssey in a variety of writing styles. Although Ulysses is considered his magnum opus his other works including Dubliners, A portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, and Finnegans Wake are held in high esteem by many. Joyce was born in the Irish city of Dublin on the second of February, 1882 and was baptized by the

James Joyce and the advent of Viagra

1478 words - 6 pages The Olympics are an international competition event for summer sports and winter sports that happen every 2 years. It was originally an event created for men to compete in various sports. However, women were allow to participate in the early 1900s due to the increasing number of female athletes. After female athletes started to participate in the Olympic games, the question of gender identification arose. People fear that males may masquerade

Compare and Contrasting James Joyce "The Boarding House" and Kelvin Christopher James "Ties"

763 words - 3 pages different way of perceiving and interpreting the world, the people that inhabit it, and the events that transpire with in it. With an understanding of that philosophy, it can help us bring order and perception to a wide range of events that we will encounter through our history. In “The Boarding House” by James Joyce and “Ties” by Kelvin Christopher James, the two authors express the moral paralysis of society by defining the

James Joyce's The Dead

3145 words - 13 pages James Joyce's The Dead In The Dead, James Joyce lets symbolism flow freely throughout his short story. James Joyce utilizes his main characters and objects in The Dead to impress upon his readers his view of Dublin’s crippled condition. Not only does this apply to just The Dead, Joyce’s symbolic themes also exude from his fourteen other short stories that make up the rest of Joyce’s book, Dubliners, to describe his hometown’s other issues

The Legendary Lebron James

2096 words - 9 pages The chosen one, the hometown hero, the traitor, the king, the greatest of all time, or also known as Lebron James has been through what most kids can’t even imagine. Lebron grew up without a father and moved from house to house, but now he is one of the most successful men in the world. On April 4, 2014 Lebron is the youngest player ever to reach 23,000 career points in the National Basketball Association (NBA), beating Michael, Kareem, and

the sea - james reeves

1360 words - 5 pages The Sea - James ReevesAbout the poetJohn Morris Reeves (1 July 1909 - 1 May 1978) was a British writer known as James Reeves principally known for his poetry, plays and contributions to children's literature and the literature of collected traditional songs. His published books include poetry, stories and anthologies for both adults and children. He was also well known as a literary critic and broadcaster.He was the son of Albert Reeves, an

James Joyce "The Dead"

5257 words - 21 pages Thesis: In James Joyce's pluralistic short story, "The Dead", Gabriel Conroy is dragged westward by the same nets as Stephen Deadalus (those of family, religion and politics), and at the end of the story he is not reborn but rather accepts the transition to the world of shadows.Joyce thought the present as the only legitimate frame of mind. The stream of consciousness writing style is the vehicle he invented to convey the importance of the

James is the Best

1010 words - 5 pages In modern times humans have become susceptible to new psychological illnesses. Nietzsche and Freud both give different interpretations of these illnesses. Freud blames the repression of the libido and its erotic appetite, which goes against societal standards of behavior, as the cause for neurosis. While Nietzsche blames the slave revolt of morality for stopping us from acting out on our animal impulses as the root of bad conscience. It is

Similar Essays

The Kelsey Ossuary Essay

1877 words - 8 pages materials and decorated according to certain motifs. The ossuary stored in the Kelsey Museum is indicative of the form which most of these artifacts took and the style in which they were fashioned. Introduction In 586 BCE, King Nebuchadnezzar II of the Neo-Babylonian Empire conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple of Solomon, bringing the First Temple Period to an end. Most of the ruling class of the Kingdom of Judah was sent into exile in

Comparison Of The Bibles And Tablet Xi Flood Story

1661 words - 7 pages it is today. It would seem reasonable that proportionally the flood may have simply seemed to be global to a more scarcely populated world. The idea of the flood story predating both the Epic of Gilgamesh and Genesis is supported strongly through speculative evidence. The Babylonians and Hebrews were not the only civilizations to develop flood myths; they are accompanied by a couple hundred more. James Perloff gives the statistics, “In 95

James And The Giant Peach Essay

1767 words - 8 pages James and the Giant Peach The 1996 Disney Pictures movie James and the Giant Peach is based on the 1961 novel by Ronald Gahl (PBworks, 2005). The movie’s characters, plot, and themes deal with child development concepts such as social development, emotional development, family, friendship, relationships, and attachment. The movie begins with the family and parenting styles concept of child development by introducing the audience to the main

Strategy To Maximize Profits For The Clipboard Tablet Company

968 words - 4 pages Introduction Time has warped again, which allows me an opportunity to utilize the cost, volume and profit analysis to develop a new plan for the next four years. The strategy is to maximize profit for the Clipboard Tablet Company for the next four years. After accessing the strategy from 2012-2015, we will calculate variable cost, variable cost per unit, contribution margin, contribution margin per unit, contribution margin ratio, break-even