The Japanese Attack On Pearl Harbor And Subsequent American Attacks On Japan

860 words - 3 pages

During the morning of December 7th, 1941, Japan brutally launched a surprise attack on America that would commence four years of unforgiving battles between America and Japan. Before the attack occurred, Japan had written a 5000 word paper describing their intents and hinting that an attack was imminent, it was basically an informal declaration of war. This paper was called the 14-part message; the first half of the message was delivered to America the day before the attack began. The second half reached America at approximately 9am the morning of the attack, the message generally stated that all diplomatic relations tied between the United States and Japan would be broken off. An hour later, American officials intercept another Japanese message instructing Japanese forces to deliver the message to the Unites States at noon, Japanese time, which is hours ahead of the American time. American officials alert commanders at Pearl Harbor through commercialized telegraph because the radio communications was temporarily disabled. This message did not reach the Harbor until hours after the attack was completed. At 6am in the morning, 183 Japanese aircraft take off and approach Pearl Harbor. An hour and fifteen minutes after the first wave departed, the second wave of 167 took off. The Americans did spot the fleet on radar but believed that they were friendly planes that were scheduled to land. Being a Sunday morning, officers were leisurely taking it easy with low caution. At 7:53 the attack began, 183 bombers bombed all American battleships with no end in sight. An hour later, the second wave attacked. At 9:55 the attack was over and the Japanese left the Harbor as quickly as they came, leaving behind 2403 dead, including 68 civilians, 188 crippled planes, and 8 damaged or destroyed battleships. This unfair attack silenced the debates of America entering the war. The next day President Roosevelt declared war on Japan while calling the attack a “Day of Infamy”. On December 11 Germany and Italy declared war on America, beginning a four year war with America. Six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan was planning to attack America, this time on the island of Midway. America was prepared this time, America intercepted many Japanese messages, they would quickly learn the date and time of the intended attack. The Japanese leader, Yamamoto, developed a very complicated and intricate plan. If his ingenious plan went how he intended, the Americans would have easily been defeated. However, false assumptions ruined Yamamoto’s plan. The Americans knew the Japanese plan and developed a...

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