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The Jewish People: Their Hertitage And Faith.

2617 words - 10 pages

Who are the Jews?I was inspired to learn about the Jewish religion after watched a television program on them. Frances Payne Adler, a poet and social activist, wrote many inspiring poems. Most of them related to her background, Jewish. Frances reminded the audience that she spoke nothing but the truth. A great majority of poems related to her upbringing. I had a hard time relating to them because of my lack of knowledge of the Jewish religion. I felt the need to explore this belief. Having grown up with a strong Moravian past, I seemed to overlook the various other religions. By exploring at least one additional religion, I feel I will be able to relate a little bit better to the diverse religions in the world. I want to highlight the main focus of the Jewish religion along with their important holidays.Who are the Jews? There are Jews in many countries. They speak different languages and may be of any color. Anyone can become a Jew who believes in the Jewish religion, and obeys its laws and traditions according to the religious authorities. Anybody whose mother is a Jewess (a female Jew) is also considered to be Jewish, even if he or she is not religious. Jewish history began over four thousand years ago in the Middle East. Jews believe there is one God, who is everlasting. Jews also believe they have a special duty to make God's holy teachings known to all people. This can be shown by the way they live their lives. (Like Frances, who wanted everyone to know her religion.) Jews do not believe in the divinity of Christ. They believe there will be a Messiah in the future, who will unite all people under God's command, bringing everlasting peace. The Jewish Messiah will be God's messenger of peace, but he will be a human being, unlike Jesus, who in Christian teachings was the son of God and a redeemer. In Judaism, no one comes between God and his creatures. Redemption is only possible through good deeds.When dealing with other people, the Jewish scriptures, the Torah and TaI,ntid, set out high standards of conduct. The Torah (which means teaching, in Hebrew) contains the first five books of the Bible, which tell of the covenants with God. This book also explains how the Israelites were to be trained to carry out God's teachings. The TaI,nud (which means to study) is a written collection of interpretations of the Bible and instructions on the Jewish way of life. It is based on oral teachings from the time of Moses. Because Jews do not believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ, they do not use the terms BC -before Christ, and AD-in the year of the Lord. Instead they use abbreviations BCE- before the coinmon Era; before year I, and CE-Common Era; after the year I. (Judaism, CD ROM). "'The teachings were brought together and explained by Rabbi Akivah (50-135 CE) then written down and organized by Judah the Prince (135-217 CE), and are known as the Mishnah"' (Cowan, "Torah" 10). Mishnah is written in Hebrew and is divided into six main subject areas for...

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