The Jews In Nazi Germany Essay

1344 words - 5 pages

The QuestionIn an extended, written answer, describe and explain the change in the Nazis treatment of the Jews between 1933 and 1945.The people who suffered most under Nazi rule were the Jewish. Traditionally since the Middle Ages Europeans had tended to blame the Jews for their misfortunes and many nationalists in the 1930s believed the Jews were to blame for the Germany had had since World War I. Hitler had also as a tramp in Vienna been very jealous of the wealth and the status of the Jews who were often doctors, lawyers, and writers. The Jews were regarded as the scapegoats of all Germany's problems, and they were driven from public life. During the Nazi's reign of power, approximately six million people were murdered simply because they were Jewish or because they looked Jewish. The Nazis believed they were not truly human and so should be destroyed.I shall explain some of the changes in the Nazi persecution of the Jews, and hopefully give some reasons for these changes.During the years of 1933-38 the Jews were deprived of their rights and protection of the law. They were excluded from as many places as possible and laws were passed against them. This was just the beginning of the Nazis persecution, and I shall why and how it developed later on.In 1933 there were several main events of the year concerning the Jews. This was the beginning of Hitler's persecution. The first important event was that Hitler proclaimed a boycott of the Jews in March. The boycott was intended to restrict the Jewish trade. Hitler told other Germans that they shouldn't shop at a Jewish store, and in no-way should help the Jews by buying from them or trading from them. I think that a major reason for Hitler's choice was that he hated the Jewish for being rich. This was because of his past experiences. Hitler was trying to hit the Jews at their most sensitive point. Their money and their trade.On the 1st of April 1933 the Nazis set-up a boycott of Jewish businessman, by posting SA men outside Jewish shops to turn customers away. This again was targeting Jewish trade. I think this boycott of Jewish shops was only limited to one day and was never extended because of public apathy, fragile foreign relations (The Nazis were worried about other countries reactions), and the danger of damaging a fragile economy.In early April 1933 a law was laid down that said that any civil servant official of 'non Aryan origin' were to be retired. This restricted where the Jews could work.In Spring 1933 the first concentration camps were set-up (in Dachau and Oranienburg). We can see the development of the Jewish persecution and how at this point it was becoming much more serious than just restricting Jewish trade.For the next two years, the Jews enjoyed a period of relative freedom from persecution. This changed in the course of 1935. Hitler was in a much stronger position now to carry out his anti-Semitic ideas. Since Hindenburg's death he had been head of state, and so was now in a...

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