The JFK Assassination: Conspiracy or Single-Gunman?
Adolf Hitler, the Nazi dictator of Germany during World War II, once said, "The
bigger the lie, the more people will believe it." Although this may sound
ludicrous, we can see many example of this in the world's history. One example
would have to be the John Fitzgerald Kennedy assassination. For over thirty
years the people of the United States were led to believe that a single gunman
shot and killed Kennedy in Dallas on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m... However,
in this paper, I will dispute the ancient analization of the facts that show a
single gunman was involved, and try to show that a conspiracy must have been
According to the old facts regarding the case of the JFK assassination, Kennedy
was killed by a single gunman. On November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. CST (Central
Standard Time), Kennedy was riding in an open limousine through Dallas, Texas.
At this time, Kennedy was shot in the head and neck by a sniper. He was then
taken to Parkland Memorial Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. Later,
police arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine, at a nearby theater.
By the next morning, Oswald was booked for the murder of President John F.
Kennedy. Two days later, Oswald was killed by Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub
owner, while he was being moved from the city to the county jail.
At a glance, the above story sounds as if this should be an open-and-shut case.
After all, according to the facts above, Oswald must have killed Kennedy.
However, you must take a deeper look into this case. Many people who witnessed
the murder of John F. Kennedy dispute the facts above, saying that they heard
shots from places besides the book depository, and other things that may
contradict what is stated above. One of these witnesses, Abraham Zapruder,
captured the entire assassination on his Bell and Howell eight millimeter movie
camera. This movie, cleverly called the Zapruder Film, is the single best piece
of visual evidence in this case.
In order to more clearly understand the Zapruder Film, it is necessary to break
it down into frames. The particular Bell and Howell movie camera that Zapruder
was using ran at eighteen and three-hundredths (18.3) frames per second. When
using this frame system, you must remember that all shots were actually fired
several frames before the number that is assigned to them. For example, the
fatal heard wound, called Z313, was probably fired at Z310, since it took 2-3
frames at 18.3 frames per second for the bullet to reach the victim. Also, you
must remember that sound travels at about one thousand-one hundred (1,100) feet
per second, or a little over half as fast as the Mannlicher Carcano's bullets.
When keeping this in mind, it is expected that witnesses heard the shot at some
point after the bullet passed. The following shows a break down of the frames
of the Zapruder film:
- The Presidential limousine first comes into view at frame 133 (the...