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The Jim Crow Laws Essay

1473 words - 6 pages


Nearly 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans in southern states lived and unequal world by taking the right from them, segregation and other types of abuse. Thanks to Jim Crow laws blacks were not allowed to go to classrooms, bathrooms, theaters, train cars, juries, legislatures and much more. In 1954, the U.S Supreme Court struck down the “separate but equal” by drawing signs that said “colored” and “white”. Then in the destructive decade and a half, civil rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil riot for change. So therefore, the civil rights movement was the catalyst for definite change for minorities and ...view middle of the document...

On September 1957 Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas was to admit its first black students on that day. Most people knew there were going to be serious trouble because Arkansas was called one of the racist states in the Deep South, such as Alabama and Mississippi. In 1954, after the Brown decision, the Little Rock school board announced that it would obey the ruling. Many whites were upset with the changes to the city. Nine black students enrolled in Central High School for the 1957-58 school year. Then when school began Arkansas National Guard had to walk the nine students into school for protection. But their real jobs were to keep them out of school.

The black stayed home on the first day of class. Then the blacks were told to report to class the next day. Early the next morning, eight of the nine students me at Daisy Bates house, who was the President of the Arkansas branch of the NAACP. Bates planned to drive all students to school as a group. But it was one student that never heard the plan and her name was Elizabeth Eckford. She arrived at the school alone and was met by National Guardsmen and an angry white man. The mobs were saying, “Lynch her!”

President Eisenhower hoped he wouldn’t be involved in the crisis but the government forced him to take action. On September 23, the nine black students got inside the school under police guards. Outside there was riot with thousands of angry whites attacking any blacks they can find? Then President Eisenhower made his decision by sending federal troops to Little Rock. On September 25 the soldiers escorted the students to Central.

In November 1960, John F. Kennedy, was elected president of the United States. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by a big margin thanks to the black voters. A few months later the new president faced his first major, civil rights challenge the Freedom Rides. In 1961 blacks were still treated like crap by traveling from the bus or train between states. CORE decided to test the rules with events called Freedom Rides. CORE sent a group of black and white passengers on a bus trip in the south in 1947. On the bus ride half of the riders were arrested.

The plan for the Freedom Rides was to get blacks and whites to sit together on buses traveling through the south. At each station, the whites would use the “blacks only” facilities and blacks would use the “whites only”. On May 4th in Washington D.C Thirteen Freedom Rides boarded two buses. They were going to New Orleans, Louisiana. On the way there the buses stopped in the Alabama town of Anniston where mobs of angry whites were there to meet them.

As the bus kept driving the mob followed along. Outside of the town, someone in the mob threw a bomb inside the bus. The passengers barely survived with their lives with the bus in flames. But the passengers on the second bus were beaten in Anniston and in Birmingham again. Even if both groups of Freedom...

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