The Inferno, the depths of hell where all evil rests, is where Dante begins his journey. Dante's journey begins in a wilderness, and at this moment Dante's reasons for his journey become clear. Let us discuss the question as to why Dante goes on this journey through Hell. By doing so we will find the true meaning that Dante enters hell, which is so that he can find himself and most of all to return to his one true love of Beatrice.
The first reason begins with Dante himself when he is in the woods; he veered off the straight path, which essentially represents the direction of his life and soul. This one reason could stand alone as to why Dante enters the Inferno. That is so Dante can witness where his soul and life will end up if he does not turn his life back around to the straight path of righteousness. In Dante's search for the right direction of himself as well as his soul, the Lady (Virgin Mary) is brought into the pre-entrance of the Inferno.
A gracious lady sits in Heaven grieving
for what happened to the one I send you to,
and her compassion breaks Heaven's stern decree. (Inferno. Canto 1.2. 97-99)
The Blessed Virgin Mary has been brought into Dante's journey, which makes clear sense as to why Dante is in search of the correct route for life. Dante involves his soul and thus bringing the Lady into the equation, creates a spiritual connection between Dante and the Blessed Virgin Mary. This does not however, mean that the Lady is a reason for Dante's journey through the Inferno. Nevertheless it does not discard the possibility that she did have a significant role in Dante's reasoning through a spiritual bond. To bring the Lady into the group of reasons is a bit unwise by the given information but could surely be a possibility.
The second reason for Dante entering the Inferno is through Beatrice.
Beatrice's unending love for Dante is one of the greatest reasons for Dante's entrance into the depths of the Inferno. Through love Dante enters the abyss of all evil to re-attain the lost love and faith of his life.
I am Beatrice, who urges you to go;
I come from the place I am longing to return to;
love moved me, as it moves me now to speak. (Inferno. Canto 1.2. 70-72)
Here Beatrice describes herself and what part she has in this entire ordeal. Beatrice speaks on account of true love of...