This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Judicial Branch And Its Supreme Court History.

1301 words - 5 pages

The Judicial BranchAnd ItsSupreme Court's HistoryThe laws of the United States of America are governed by the Constitution which is broken down into three main branches. These branches are the Legislative Branch, Executive Branch and the Judicial Branch. Although all three branches provided a key structure in the building of our country, I have chosen to concentrate on the Judicial Branch and its Supreme Court because of its struggle into being.The Judicial Branch of the government is made up of the Supreme Court, Circuit court of Appeals, Specialized Courts and District Court. The Supreme Court was created by the constitution to try cases but, it did not elaborate on the courts status in the government and its role in decision making. This came from Section 2 of Article 3.The Judiciary act of 1789 which was written by Oliver Ellsworth and William Patterson, granted the Supreme Court its powers based on its Jurisdiction. It allowed the court to process certain cases from the lower courts.In its early years, the Supreme Court was not a favorite among the people. Many believed that it was no an important part of government so, its policies were not respected. The U.S first Supreme Court was established on February 1, 1970. Its original members consisted of six appointed Justices whose name are: John Jay of New York, John Rutledge of South Carolina, William Cushing of Pennsylvania, John Blair of Virginia and Robert H. Harrison of Maryland. All of these Justices were nominated by President George Washington.Before the Inaugural ceremony could take place, Robert H. Harrison resigned due to an illness. Over the years, many of the Supreme Court original members would resign in order to pursue better and more promising jobs in their home town due to the fact that there was no work at the disposal in the court.It took three years before the court would be able to try a case which had a level of importance. That case was Chisholm verses Georgia. During this hearing, the court ruled in favor granting that a citizen from one state can sue another state in the federal courts. Due to its decision, lack of man power, and scrutiny from the public the courts decision was over turned. Shortly after this decision, the eleventh Amendment was placed into effect. This amendment state that "The Judicial power of the United States shall not be constructed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state."The Supreme Court in its early years was the weakest power in our government so its Justices were granted unlimited terms. This was done so that the people could not vote the appointed Justices out of their terms. The U.S Supreme Court was in a downfall status until John Marshall became one of its members.In 1801, John Marshall became the chief Justices of the U.S Supreme Court and he was appointed by President John Adams. In 1803 after Marshall...

Find Another Essay On The Judicial Branch and its Supreme Court History.

supreme court history Essay

803 words - 3 pages for well over 20 years. During his time on the bench, Marshall succeeded in molding the federal judicial system into what many, as I do, consider to be today's most powerful branch of government. Before settling at nine justices in 1869, the number of Supreme Court Justices changed six times. In its entire history, the Supreme Court has had only 16 Chief Justices, and over 100 Associate Justices. This is not that many considering that the court

Judicial Branch: The Government's Ear Essay

1266 words - 5 pages school building. The supreme court decided that the plaintiffs were right and that separate but equal was in actually separate and unequal. Although the court decided that Separate but equal was unconstitutional, they gave the states the power to choose how to enforce the decision. The Judicial Branch has been keys in the development of the world as we know it today. Each supreme court case has drastically changed something about either the

John Marshall and the Supreme Court

843 words - 3 pages Chief Justice John Marshall made the Supreme Court what it is today with the help of the case of Marbury vs. Madison. He wrote the decision for "the most monumental case ever decided by any court in any country" (Glennon). Judicial review, and Chief Justice John Marshall, earned the Supreme Court the respect and prestige it carries today. Marshall had several qualities that gave him the power and respect to succeed in making a

The Supreme Court and Personal Civil Rights

1224 words - 5 pages I. "Our constitution is colorblind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens. In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law.” – Justice John Harlan, in his dissenting opinion in the case Plessy v. Ferguson. (History of Brown v. Board of Education) The US Supreme Court has evolved to promote new personal civil rights for African-Americans, ultimately creating a more racially equal society. II. The first way that

The Supreme Court and Civil Rights

1147 words - 5 pages till the 1900’s for the Supreme Court to get out of the “ideology of white supremacy and the practice of racism,” (Smith). Though the decisions of the Supreme Court were not all that appreciated in the beginning, following the 20th century the court really facilitated in the advancements of civil rights. The Supreme Court was known for some of the most notorious decisions made in history, many in which included the cases, Marbury v. Madison, Scott

Child Pornography and the Supreme Court

611 words - 2 pages pedophiles to abuse children.   In a 1982 case, the Supreme Court said that child pornography, like obscenity, should not receive First Amendment protection because children were abused in its production. This case raises a bigger issue: whether the mere existence of pornographic images involving children is harmful even if no real children were involved in their creation.   The Free Speech Coalition, a group of adult

U.S History and Government: Landmark Supreme Court Cases

988 words - 4 pages Napoleon Bonaparte once said,"History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon." This straightforward quote can be associated to the Supreme Court and their decisions affecting our US History today. Supreme Court decisions become the "law of the land" and, as such have far-reaching consequences for American society. The Court tells us, through their interpretation of the Constitution the meaning of our protections and

The Political Supreme Court

587 words - 2 pages ), religious affiliation (their stance on abortion et. al), possibility of judicial activism or restraint, and partisan affiliation (get the backing of your own interest groups or to gain support from the opposing).      Now these interest groups also try to win over the president in the nomination of Supreme Court justices. They would often be found lobbying lobbying the judicial committee and the President. These interest groups

The Supreme Court

1106 words - 4 pages maintain the uniformity of the federal law. Article III vested the judicial power in "one Supreme Court" , and such inferior courts as the Congress may form from time to time…" The Supreme Court of the United States has several different types of cases which they generally hear. The first of these are controversies in which the United States is a party. Another categories of cases are ones in which there is a conflict between

The Supreme Court

1067 words - 4 pages .      During the years the Supreme Court has gone through some changes of its’ own. While Chief Justice Earl Warren was there the first African-American Justice was named to the court: Thurgood Marshall. Chief Justice Warren’s leadership marked a force in social issues. Along the lines of desegregation, election reform and the rights of defendants.      Then in 1969 Warren Burger was named Chief Justice. That is when the Court started to lean more to

A Brief History of the US Supreme Court

1044 words - 5 pages all cases and discussions emerging under the Constitution or the laws of the United States. As the last authority of the law, the Court is accused of guaranteeing the American individuals the guarantee of equivalent equity under law and, subsequently, additionally works as gatekeeper and mediator of the Constitution. The complex part of the Supreme Court in this framework determines from its power to negate enactment or official movements which

Similar Essays

Judicial Process Of The Supreme Court

1167 words - 5 pages controversial case that the Supreme Court had to base its judgment in order to have the individuals rights read to them due to the violation of the Fifth Amendment. Cases that are controversial have set many concerns throughout the judicial process of the Supreme Court; therefore, the progress of the people in the Judicial Branch was recognized to appreciate how far the Court has advanced and how superior in power the court is to institute an environment

Does The Supreme Court Abuse Its Power?

2173 words - 9 pages Does The Supreme Court Abuse Its Power? There have been many complaints and theories of how the Supreme Court has a tendency to act as a "supra-legislature" (Woll 153). It is proposed that the Supreme Court takes the power to make laws and set policies which rightfully belongs to the Congress and state legislatures. They state that Justices exceed their authorized powers of judicial review and read their own opinions and

From 1790 To 1857, The Supreme Court Emerged As The Most Powerful Branch Of Our Government

1139 words - 5 pages called for 13 judicial districts. The Supreme Court was set up with one Chief Justice and five associate justices(1). Justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. They can only be removed by impeachment on grounds of bribery or high crimes. Only one in history has been removed. This alone shows you the power of the Supreme Court. Presidents and Senators come and go but a Chief Justice can impact the country for

The Supreme Court And Its Effects On The Balance Of Power Between Federal And State. (Mc Cullogh V Maryland, Lochner V Ny, Nebbia V Ny) The Role Of Supreme Court In Relation To Federalism

2020 words - 8 pages branch allowed for states to regulate the commerce in their state. This case allowed for all contracts to be able to be government regulated, so long as there is one adequate reason. Lochner was tailored to its time and Nebbia to its own. The status quo played an important role in Nebbia as well. The justices played judicial activists and decided to avoid a tyranny of the majority. Their decision went against the majority. The Supreme