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The Jury System And Democracy Essay

1115 words - 5 pages

This essay will explain how the jury system and democracy are interrelated. It should also be considered whether juries are intended to be, or indeed whether it is possible to describe and define what the public conscience could be. This essay would include also the consideration of public opinion and concerns justifying the use of juries in criminal trials.

A group of people (typically twelve in number) when take an oath to give a verdict in a legal case by analysing all submitted evidence in court room known as a jury member. The trial is a method of reducing complexity of any case to protect a fair and a neutral administration of justice between two parties to the action. Trial ...view middle of the document...

The role of the jury is a symbol of public involvement and represent a cross section of society. A group of jury member decides which facts in dispute are true. The jury members are chosen from the community where the trial is held. The number of jury participants in each trial is fixed by court rule or statute. The jury members sit in the jury box and observe all of the given evidence during the trial period. After submitting all the evidence, the judge directs the jury to present their opinion of a verdict based on the evidence. In the criminal trials, the jury determines the defendant is guilty of the accused or not.

In the United Kingdom jury trial is considered as one of the most controversial elements of the criminal justice system. The ordinary public benefited from the criminal justice system in the UK, because the jury system plays a vital role therefore unjust and political leaders cannot abuse the criminal justice system. There are three kinds of criminal offences deal with a jury. The minor offenses are triable only in the magistrates courts called "Summary", the most serious kind of offences which must be tried in the Crown Court known as "Indictable only" and the other one is "Triable either way" which can be tried either in the magistrates' courts if the magistrates are willing to hear the case and the defendant consents or in the Crown Court.

When the jury or court is ready to begin the examination of the facts then a trial begins. A jury trial always entitled for criminal defendants and sometime common law, civil crime can be tried by jury. When the prosecutor and the defence lawyers finish their speeches, then the judge will sum up the case to the jury. The summing up can be divided into two parts- the legal directions and summary of the facts of the case. The legal directions explain about the charge and what need to be proved and also prescribed any special guidelines relevant to the particular case. Summary of the facts of the case means an even-handed summary of all the evidence that the jury has heard. The judge may give the jury a series of questions, which is a...

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