The Juvenile Court System Essay

784 words - 3 pages

The Juvenile Court System
The Juvenile Court system was a system set up to deal with minors who find themselves in
trouble. In trouble with their parents, or the law. This system has its benefits and its
flaws.
The first juvenile court in the United States was established in 1899, in Illinois.
This set a trend that would grow across the entire United States { Forer, 198 }.
In 1974 The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act was put into effect. It had
many regulations to follow, such as, making prevention of juvenile crime a national
priority. It also assisted state, local, individual, and private organizations to have more
sensible, less costly, and more preductive systems. It also prevents juvenile halls from
turning into nurseries for crime. Separation of minors and adults in the facilities is also
part of the act. States who do not corporate with the standards of the act do not receive
funding from the government, the states who do follow will receive government aid
{ Hyde, 42 }.
The three areas that juvenile courts deal with are criminal acts of minors, minors
neglected or mistreated by parents, or minors in need of supervision in order to stay out of
trouble. A minor can be brought to a juvenile court for other charges that are not
criminal. Such as running away, disobedience, mischief, annoying behavior, or a claim for
dependency {Forer, 114 }. The juvenile courts do not handle any civil matters. The
courts have their flaws in dealing with minors.
There are no set standards for the rights of an accused minor. Lately the laws
dealing with this have become better. But may rights are not being given. The rights that
have been noted as being violated are as follows. Minors can be arrested with out a
warrant, no bail provided, no jury trial, few appellate rights, arrested for crimes that if an
adult had commited are not crimes, a juvenile petition and adult petition differ greatly, and
not all courts have rules of procedure. These are just a few examples of how minors are
stripped of their basic rights.
Recently however these violations have been looked over and are starting to
change. They have the rights to hear the charges brought against them, remain...

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