This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The "Kaohsiung Incident" Of 1979 A Turning Point In Taiwan's History

2740 words - 11 pages

December 10th, 1979 was a major moment in Taiwan's history. When it took place, it was hardly noticed internationally, but since then it has been recognized as an important turning point in the island's recent transition to democracy. It galvanized both the Taiwanese people in Taiwan as well as the overseas Taiwanese community into political action.The movement subsequently formed the basis for the democratic opposition of the DPP and its overseas support network of Taiwanese organizations in North America and Europe. Virtually all leading members of the present-day democratic opposition had a role in the event, either as defendants or as defense lawyers.Below, we present a summary of the ...view middle of the document...

What happened on that fateful evening is history: the human rights day celebration ended in chaos after police encircled the peaceful crowd and started using teargas, and pro-government instigators incited violence.Newspaper reports right after the event reported that in the ensuing confrontations, more than 90 civilians and 40 policemen were injured. However, in an amazing display of magic, the authorities managed to end up with 182 policemen and 1 (!!!) civilian injured. Although most injuries were relatively minor, the authorities quickly played up the injuries on the police side, sending high officials and TV- and film-actresses to the hospitals to comfort the injured policemen.More seriously, three days later, the KMT authorities used the incident as an excuse to arrest virtually all well-known opposition leaders. They were held incommunicado for some two months, during which reports of severe ill-treatment filtered out of the prisons.The arrested persons were subsequently tried in three separate groups: in March/April 1980, the eight most prominent leaders (the "Kaohsiung Eight") were tried in military court and were sentenced to terms ranging from 12 years to life imprisonment.In April/May 1980, a second group of 33 persons, the "Kaohsiung 33", who had taken part in the Human Rights Day gathering were tried in civil court and sentenced to terms ranging from 2 to 6 years.A third group of 10 persons associated with the Presbyterian Church were accused of helping the main organizer of the demonstration, Mr. Shih Ming-teh, when he was in hiding, because he feared torture and immediate execution. Most prominent among this group was Dr. Kao Chun-ming, the general-secretary of the Presbyterian Church. Dr. Kao was sentenced to seven years imprisonment. The others received lesser sentences.The importance of the incident is in the fact that it galvanized both the Taiwanese people in Taiwan as well as the overseas Taiwanese community into political action. The movement which grew out of the incident subsequently formed the basis for the present-day democratic opposition of the DPP and its overseas support network of Taiwanese organizations in North America and Europe.In the following, we wish to focus on two aspects:the incitement of violence by the authorities: a former member of the military police in Taiwan told us that there was direct involvement by the military police in the incitement of violence. Below you find his story.the ill-treatment of the opposition leaders during their incommunicado detention, resulting in forced confessions. Below you find excerpt from their statements.Military Police as InstigatorsBy a former member of the Military Police"In 1981, I graduated from college. Before we entered the military service, a few of my friends got together to celebrate. During dinner, my friends brought up the subject of Kaohsiung Incident. They were regular readers of "tangwai" magazines and were criticizing the KMT authorities handling of the...

Find Another Essay On The "Kaohsiung Incident" Of 1979 A Turning Point In Taiwan's History

'Gallipoli was a turning point in Australia's history' Assess the impact of the ANZAC experience on Australia and Australians since 1915

1223 words - 5 pages operation, Major General Cosgrove discovered that the spirit of ANZAC continues to live on in East Timor. He saidIt is one that permeates all Australians and not just ones in uniform. It is the innate Australian quality of wishing everyone could get a fair go".(cited in Timor voted to become independent but was denied the right to be free. On the eve of their departure from Australia to

The Turning Point in John Updike's A & P

1143 words - 5 pages . He knew what he did not want out of life. On that Thursday afternoon in the A & P, his name game caught up with him. Quitting his job was to be a turning point for him, a time for him to confront his own issues of sexuality, social class, stereotyping, responsibility, and, on a deeper leve, authority. Work Cited Updike, John. "A & P." Literature: Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and the Essay. Ed. Robert DiYanni. 5th ed. New York: McGraw, 1998. 27-31.

The Battle of Britain as a Turning Point in the Defeat of German in World War Two

3385 words - 14 pages involved in the war, as their first real victory, left Britain thinking more positive. If Germany had not of changed tactics, they might have won, and may have changed the course of History, and this is one reason why the Battle of Britain could be considered as a turning point in the war. Another factor which suggests that the Battle of Britain was a turning point in the war, is the fact that Britain's survival was vital to

A Turning Point

1471 words - 6 pages differently. The Siege of Vicksburg and the Battle of Gettysburg were the turning points of the war, but the Siege of Vicksburg was the more important turning point of the two conflicts. The Siege of Vicksburg was part of Ulysses S. Grant’s campaign to capture the city; this took at least a year, and the siege of the city came at the end of this yearlong struggle. The first assault on Vicksburg was in July of 1862, and it was a naval attack

Gettysburg: Turning Point Of The War

1901 words - 8 pages Gettysburg: The Turning Point of the War On July 1, 1863, the Union Army of the Potomac engaged the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia which had advance into the north. This would be the battle of all battles; it would be the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Three days of warfare resulted in a Union victory at the cost was 51,000 American casualties. The Southern reason for rebellion was to break away from the Union and become a

A Turning Point

1737 words - 7 pages able to carry on with this kind of life, being away from the people that I grew up with and having lost the way life that I've once had. There have been times when I felt sad and so alone, that I don't even want to wake up on the next day. But now I'm getting well adjusted with everything. Those experiences marked a turning point in my life. I learn to become optimistic. But of course, I still long for a happy family, I'll always will. I still

Turning Point of the War 1942-1943

521 words - 3 pages November, U.S. forces landed in French North Africa and forced the German and Italian troops to surrender in May 1943. On the Eastern Front, the turning point of the war occurred at Stalingrad. After capturing the Crimea, Hitler’s generals wanted him to concentrate on the Caucasus and its oil fields, but Hitler decided that Stalingrad, a major industrial center on the Volga, should be taken first. After three months of bitter fighting, German troops

"Romeo and Juliet"- Explore Shakespeare's presentation of act 3 scene 1 as a turning point in the play

952 words - 4 pages . Shakespeare has presented Mercutio as a joker earlier in the play; he is always laughing and teasing the others. He seems to have quite a loud personality, "nay gentle Romeo, we must have you dance." He tends to speak aloud rather than to a specific person. "You are a lover, borrow cupid's wings." These are just two of the lines by Mercutio, which show his personality. Benvolio is a peacemaker; he does not like trouble and tries to avoid it

The Turning Point

2172 words - 9 pages future president or maybe you know a potential serial killer. Every moment of a person’s life is important to who they will become. In everyone’s experiences there is a turning point that ultimately decides what kind of person they will be. Are you good or evil? Works Cited "" N.p., n.d. Web. 8 June 2011. . Faragher, John Mack. The American Heritage encyclopedia of American

How and why was the king’s attempted escape a crucial turning point in the revolution?

1102 words - 5 pages consequences it serves as a crucial turning point for the revolution. King Louis XVI believed the revolutionary changes he detested “had been provoked by a few radicals in the National Assembly and their demagogic control of Parisian ‘rabble’ (87).” As thousand flocked to see the kings caravan return to Paris it became evident he had misinterpreted the true influence of the revolution. Many of his loyal subjects rejected the notion removing

Martin Luther King letter as a turning point in the civil rights movement - ENG 101 - Essay

531 words - 3 pages throughout history and even now. King’s letter was a turning point in the civil rights movement and changed America forever. King wants us to understand that when we see injustices around us, what would it take for the same injustice to happen to us, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” (96). Until recently, same-sex marriage wasn’t legal in all 50 states. Numerous people don’t consider the possibility that this blatant injustice

Similar Essays

The Buddha Riot: A Turning Point In Vietnam's History

1518 words - 6 pages A Turning point signifies a change in the past that has a great impact on the lives of people or an individual. The 1963, Buddha Riot is considered as a turning point in Vietnam history, it impacted the lives of Vietnamese people forever. It also captures the attention of millions of people globally and locally. There are many minor events that occurred in history that did not significantly affect individual’s lives like how the Buddha’s Riot

Pearl Harbor: The Turning Point Of History

998 words - 4 pages single battle would become the one of the most brilliant tactical strokes in military history, crippling America’s warfighting ability for several months on end. Despite this, America rose once again from the ashes with a new image, a new goal, as a new nation. This is why the events of that fateful day must never be forgotten- from the fires of that battle and the cries of Americans something spectacular occurred, true unity was found in the face of

D Day: A Turning Point In World History

1742 words - 7 pages operation known as D-Day, the invasion of Normandy. Many different operations and brilliant leaders helped to contribute to the victory at Normandy. D-Day was not only a turning point in the War, but it forever changed the course of history.       For years, the entire world passively watched Adolf Hitler's rise to power. After the annexing of France other countries woke up to the reality that global domination by Germany was

"The Human Rights Act For Ever Changes The Nature Of British Society, Marking A Major Turning Point In British Constitutional History." Discuss

2358 words - 9 pages Separation of Powers in the sense that Parliament did not wish the Judiciary to have any real power which might infringe upon their sovereignty. If the Act is not entrenched then, can it realistically be described as 'a major turning point in British constitutional history' and, moreover, was Parliament successful in maintaining a distinct separation of powers?Perhaps the answer to this question reveals that " 'entrenched' is too loaded a word" to