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The Kemper Case And Travis Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory

3076 words - 13 pages

In 2012, there were an estimated 14,827 murders and non-negligent manslaughter crimes reported by all agencies in the United States according to the Uniform Crime Report at the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Murder and non-negligent manslaughter are defined “as the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another.” A 1.1 percent increase occurred from 2011 to 2012. But it should be noted, this is a 9.9 percent drop from the figure for 2008 and a 10.3 percent decrease from the number of murders recorded in 2003. Of the murders that occurred in 2012, it is estimated that 43.6 percent were reported in the south, 21.0 percent were from the Midwest, 21.0 percent were accounted from the west, and 14.2 percent were from the northeast of the United States. There were 4.7 murders for every 100,000 people in 2012. The murder rate went up 0.4 percent from 2011 to 2012. It went down in 2008 by 12.8 percent and dropped 16.9 percent from 2003. The majority of offenders were over the age of eighteen and they accounted for 9,096 of offenders in 2012. According to the Uniform Crime Report, the number of offenders who murdered in 2012 totaled 14,581. The majority of these offenders were male, totaling 9,425. Female offenders totaled 1,098, and 4,058 were unknown offenders. Black males topped the list as far as race was concerned with 5,531 committing murder. White males followed with 4,582 offenders. There were 4,228 classified as race unknown regarding offenders who murdered in 2012. The victim data reported was 9,917 male victims and 2,834 female victims. Of those victims, 11,549 were over the age of eighteen.
Although there is a significant amount of data found on murder, serial murder statistics are much more difficult to establish. Serial murder is defined by the FBI as “the unlawful killing of two or more victims by the same offender (s) in separate events” (XXXXX). FBI data supplied to Scripps Howard News Service in 2010 for an investigation they were doing on the 185,000 unsolved murders in the United States since 1985, reported that 70 percent of the known victims of serial killers were women. By comparison, women only account for 22 percent of the total number of murder victims in the United States during the same period. The data collected by the FBI showed that nearly half of the victims of known serial killers were in their 20s to 30s (Scripps Newspaper). A study done in 2010 supports these statistics. The study stated that 79 percent of serial killer victims were women, 54 percent were white, 37 percent black, 4 percent Hispanic, 2 percent were Asian, and the remaining 3 percent had no data available regarding race. Twenty five was the average age of the victims. Ninety four percent of serial murder offenders were male. Of those, there was an equal amount of white and black at 47 percent each. The average age of offenders at the time of their first murder was twenty eight. Offender’s ages ranged between 19 and 56 when they committed...

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