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The Main Features Of The New Deal

2577 words - 10 pages

The Main Features of the New Deal

The New Deals were a series of Acts and schemes which Roosevelt hoped
would pull America out of the depression. Roosevelt decided to tackle
the economic problems before he did anything else because he knew that
a strong and reliable money system would build up confidence in the
Americans, which would act as a foundation for the American economy.
In 1933 Roosevelt proved to the Americans that the promises he made
before he was president were not just 'vote winners´ because he
started to help straight away. The first of Roosevelt's schemes was
the '100 days´. The '100 Days´ was a relief program in which Roosevelt
passed 15 laws which tackled some of America's biggest problems, all
within 100 days. First of all, Roosevelt introduced the Emergency
Banking Act (EBA). The EBA was designed to end the banking crisis in
America. All banks were closed for ten days and only those approved by
the federal government were allowed to reopen. Roosevelt used the
radio to talk directly to the citizens of America. On the radio
Roosevelt explained his policies through a series of 'fireside´ chats.
He explained that he was doing something to help Americaand that he
would need their cooperation. The public was obviously convinced that
Roosevelt was on their side because when the banks reopened, many
people began to reinvest their money in a reopened bank.
Within the '100 Days´ relief program, there was also a rapid program
of legislation which would help solve the country's problems. The
other Acts within the '100 Days´ were the AAA, TVA, HOLC and NIRA All
of these schemes were aimed to bring relief to as many people as they
could and to bring the relief quickly. Unemployment was also a major
problem in America in the 1930s. Firstly, there was immediate relief
for the unemployed through a 500 million dollar Federal aid. Roosevelt
knew that this aid was only temporary so he introduced huge public
work schemes to keep unemployment down. There were three main work
schemes to provide jobs for the unemployed. The Civilian Conservation
Corps (C.C.C.) set up work camps which would provide work for the
young. The type of work they had was forestry, prevention of erosion
etc. The Civilian Works Administration (C.W.A.) was a work creation
programme for 4 million men. However, these jobs were of little value.
The C.W.A. was replaced by the Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.)
The W.P.A. conducted large public works. It gave jobs to about 2
million people and kept them busy on projects such as schools, roads,
Dams, community schemes etc. The W.P.A. also had work for artists,
actors, writers etc. The WP.A. Employed people and gave them back
their self-respect. All of these schemes were "pump-primers ". The
government 'pumped´ money into the economy which would encourage the
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