The Main Features of a Place of Christian Worship
There are many different styles of church building. Some are highly
decorated and dominate the landscape. Others are plain, undecorated
and simple. The style of church building usually reflects the way in
which each denomination chooses to worship.
Anglican churches are often built in the shape of a cross, this is
called a cruciform. It is a symbol of Christian belief. The central
part of the cross shape is known as the nave.
Anglican churches have spirals or towers, pointing to the sky. A spire
makes the church easier to see. These remind Christians to look up to
God. It is a symbol of reaching up to God, and is used to make the
building a prominent feature of the community.
The most important part of Anglican churches is the Altar, when
worshipers face the altar, they are facing east. This is where the sun
rises; this is symbolic because of the resurrection of Jesus. The
Altar is also where the Eucharist is celebrated; many Christians feel
that the altar is the place where Jesus' presence is most deeply felt
during the Eucharist.
In an Anglican churches somebody preaches, the place preached from is
usually high enough for the congregation to see and hear them. This is
known as the 'pulpit'. It is usually made of wood or stone and is
reached by a few steps. In Methodist churches, the pulpit is the most
important feature, unlike Anglican churches which is the altar.
Many churches have stained glass window decorations, often expressing
a story or telling a belief. It is not there to be worshiped, but a
reminder of what Jesus had done. These windows also help to add the
atmosphere to the building.
The Lectern often found in the church is where people come to do
reading, like the laity.
Candles, which are placed all around the church, are often lit, to
bring peace and light, because Jesus brought light to the world.
A font (large bowl made of stone that contains the water used for
baptism) is often found near the church entrance, because being
baptised means entering the church, and washing your sins away.
The crucifix on the front of the church symbolises Jesus' death, while
the cross represents his death and resurrection. Both the cross and
crucifix, are a visual reminder of how Jesus suffered on the cross and
died to save the world, forgive sins and bring eternal life.
Many Christian groups see places of worship as being sacred or holy.
They believe that these holy places must have their own special
character and atmosphere which enable worshippers to sense the
presence of God and respond with reverence and devotion.
A ii Analyse and explain the roles and function of the priest or
There are many different roles and functions of the priest. The priest
is the leader of a Christian...