This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Types Of Committees Within The U.S. Congress And Their Duties

1016 words - 4 pages

There are four types of committees within the House and the Senate, they are: the Standing Committees, the Select or Special Committees, the Joint Committees and the Conference Committees. Currently in the United States there are twenty one permanent committees in the House, twenty in the Senate and four joint committees. Each committee has several subcommittees that share specific tasks within the jurisdiction of the full committee.The House's Standing Committees are permanent House panels. The Standing Committees have legislative jurisdiction, therefore they consider bills and issues. They also suggest measures for deliberation by the full House. They are also responsible for monitoring agencies, programs, and activities within their jurisdictions. "The Standing Committees have the power to examine and inquire into all such things as the House might refer, report from time to time, append supplementary or dissenting opinions to reports, send for persons, papers, and records; sit when the House is sitting or when the House stands adjourned, sit jointly with other committees of the House, print from day to day such papers and evidence as the committee may order, and delegate powers to subcommittees - except the power to report directly to the House. (Pursuant to Standing Order 108(1))" The House has nineteen Standing Committees and eighty six Subcommittees. The Subcommittees do most of the work at their level. When the bill is dropped or introduced it is sent to the committee with the jurisdiction of that bill. The subcommittee determines whether or not the bill moves up to the full committee; unless there is a discharge petition. The head of the Subcommittee is the chairman; he has the right to ignore or mark up the bill. The leadership chooses the chairman, who in turn chooses the members of the committee. Each representative serves on about two full committees and four subcommittees.The Special or Select Committees of the House are frequently created for restricted periods of times. They conduct studies or investigations and they consider other measures. The Select Committees serve for only one congress, which is a period of two years. Their powers are set out in the Order of Reference of the House that establishes each committee. An example of a special or select committee is the Special Committee on Aging. These committees are created to study a specific area - they have a specific jurisdiction, function and responsibility.The Joint Committees are composed of members from the House and the Senate. They are permanent panels that carry out studies or perform housekeeping tasks. They assist focus the public awareness towards vital issues.The last committee are the Conference Committees. These committees are temporary; they are set up to work out the differences between similar bills between the House and the Senate. They draft compromises and they present the final bill for approval.The House committees only posses the power, structure, and...

Find Another Essay On The Types of Committees within the U.S. Congress and their Duties

Congressional Committees: The Workhorse of Legislature

770 words - 4 pages the jurisdiction of the full Committee” (Committee Types and Roles 3). Subcommittees are expected to present their finding on their assigned area of a bill. They, along with experts (witnesses) testify before the full committee on their findings. After the full committee considers the subcommittees’ findings, a vote is taken as to whether or not the bill goes to the chamber. There is a hierarchy which exists within Congress and its committees

Discuss the importance of parliamentary committees

1551 words - 7 pages There are two main types of parliamentary committees, there are select committees who check and report on areas ranging from the work of government departments to economic affairs and there are public bill committees which mainly scrutinise proposed legislation in detail. The latter is unique to the commons, as Bills in the Lords are considered by the house as a whole. Committees certainly provide an air of legitimacy in the parliamentary

The Responsibilities of Congress and the President

1049 words - 4 pages within the Congress to help better and sometimes hinder these institutions in accomplishing their duties. The Congress of the 1950s, known as the “textbook Congress”, is quite different than the Congress of the today. Our Author notes six legislative folkways that were noted by political scientist Donald Matthews, these folkways include apprenticeship, legislative work, specialization, courtesy, institutional patriotism and reciprocity. In the

The Power and Significance of Congress

1838 words - 7 pages that congress has is to create and pass legislation. Most of the creation is down to congressional committees - specialist groups of congressman who revise and investigate laws into their own committee's interests, for example The House Science Committee. Some of the legislation can come from the president directly, however it is congress that filter's it, so in theory the president's proposed bill could never be heard in

The Emancipation of Congress

1456 words - 6 pages average American citizen. The original intent of the Constitution was to limit government and the self-serving interests that become tyrannical by their very nature. The fact that the founders did not include limiting terms for Congress appears to be a great oversight. The reason for this is simple. When a person was chosen to serve during the time of the founders it was considered both and honor and a burden. The founders overlooked term

The Powers of Congress

643 words - 3 pages the "power of the purse"--the fact that every agency of government, even those dealing with foreign and military affairs, must turn to it for the funds needed to carry out their programs. Presidents initiate taxing and spending policies by submitting their agenda in the form of an annual proposed budget, but Congress scrutinizes presidential proposals and only appropriates what it wishes. Beyond the appropriations power, Congressional power is

Constructions of Gender and the Treatment of PTSD within the U.S. Military

4009 words - 16 pages increase their vigilance in preventing sexual violence against women in the military. Because military servicemembers now all "choose" to be sent to combat (most soldiers are working class and may have made the decision to enlist from a limited number of options), it is easier for U.S. citizens of middle and upper classes to slip into apathy about the duties these people undertake in our name. Unless they've "been in", not many people

The Powers and Duties of the Public Protector

1337 words - 6 pages The Public Protector’s independence is constantly being questioned and sometimes even challenged. The Constitution states that the Public Protector is independent and is given powers and duties which assist in the exercise of such independence. However, the independence of the Public Protector is limited and thus debatable to a certain extent in that, as an institution, it is influenced by other constitutional structures, and this supports the

Choose one anxiety disorder, and evaluate the types of treatment used, and their effectiveness

2149 words - 9 pages Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, is a frightening anxiety disorder, and before we attempt to look at the types of treatments used, and their effectiveness, it is important that we have an understanding of the basic theories behind the disorder.As its name suggests, in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the profound sense of anxiety is reflected in obsessions, and compulsions. Obsessions are recurrent thoughts, or images that do not feel

Categories and Types of Evidence and their Use in the Courtroom

1551 words - 6 pages said crime.Felonies, misdemeanors and treason are the three broad types of crimes that show incourt. Treason is seen as a crime that threatens the security of a nation and the well being of anation and this may explain why criminals charged with treason have such stiff and severepenalties. Under criminal law, misdemeanors are minor crimes but felonies are rather seriouscrimes and they are normally associated with mandatory sentences.How judges

The Duties of the Scarlet Letter

1932 words - 8 pages In The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, a woman named Hester Prynne is victimized by the puritanical society in which she lives in, due to her adulterous behavior. Hester is forced to wear a scarlet colored “A” which stands for “Adulterer” stitched on her bosom everyday as a permanent symbol and reminder of her sin, while she struggles to raise her daughter named Pearl by herself without a father figure in their family. The two undergo

Similar Essays

Congress, The Committees, And The House V.S. The Senate

1098 words - 4 pages . They work to maintain unity within the party and for cooperation from the party’s leaders. They can speak for the president if the minority controls office. Then there are whips who are assistants to party leaders. They are members of the Congress and they pass information from leaders to party members. They make sure people show up to the floor debate and make sure they put in their vote. Now for the Senate is the vice president. He is the

In What Ways And Why Are The Committees Of The Us Congress So Much More Powerful Than The Committees Of The House Of Commons?

1141 words - 5 pages who appointed lots of new faces to large powerful committees, ultimately this was to prove his downfall as in 98 he was forced to resign because of the enemies he had made within congress. However, senators and representatives don't have allegiance to their parties as is the case in England. As a result they seek to ain re-election in their state and therefore have their state's interests at heart. This is one of the principle reasons why bills

Polarization In Congress: A Dichotomy Of Unity And Division Within The Legislative Branch

1079 words - 5 pages leadership within the party because the Majority/Minority Leaders and Whips have an easier time ensuring that their members vote in line with partisan issues. Without polarization, Congress would become more disorganized, making it more difficult to accumulate the votes for a specific party. PEOPLE KNOW WHAT THEY GET: When a registered voter looks at a ballot and sees that a candidate is Democratic or Republican, the voter has a general idea of

The Legislative Process And The Congressional Committees

1571 words - 6 pages congressional committees are a strategy used by the Congress to divide the complexity and volume of the work among all its members. Each committee has a fixed number of members that is readjusted every Congressional term. The Congress has rules concerning the number of committees and the type of panels on with a member can participate. There are two main types of committees, standing committees and joint committees. On the one hand the standing