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The Kingdom Of Rwanda Essay

1579 words - 6 pages

Rwanda, a little territory residing in east-central Africa, resembles close to the size of Maryland. Many believe that the Kingdom of Rwanda was founded by European explorers in 1854. It was occupied by Belgian troops during World War I. On January 28, 1961 it became known as Rwandan Republic. On July 1, 1962 they established their independence from Belgium and then on June 4, 2003 it became known as the Republic of Rwanda. Rwanda has come a long way since its founding. Now one of the largest regions in Africa as far as population and economic growth, Rwanda continues to grow. Though some say that the poverty level remains much more than any other region, it is still a place I want to visit.
Rwanda stands as a beautiful country with huge mountains and deep valleys. Most of the countryside rests with full of grasslands and plenty of farmland. The divide between the Congo and Nile drainage systems extends from north to south through western Rwanda at an average elevation of almost 9,000 feet. On the western slopes of this ridgeline, the land slopes abruptly toward Lake Kivu and the Ruzizi River valley, which form the western boundary line with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and constitutes part of the Great Rift Valley (Bureau of African Affairs).
At an elevation of over 4,500 feet, Rwanda’s Lake Kivu remains as the highest lake in Africa. Rwanda’s highest point isn’t Lake Kivu though. Volcano Karisimbi continues to obtain the record of Rwanda’s highest point at over 14,000 feet above sea level. Although the equator lies about two degrees north of Rwanda, Rwanda’s temperature stays approximately 70-75 degrees because of the elevation. Rwanda has two rainy seasons where heavy rain can happen and then be sunny the next day. The average rainfall exceeds what we are used to here in Oklahoma. Their average rainfall reaches about 30 inches a year, but as you can imagine reaches greater averages in the western areas closer to the mountains.
Rwanda’s economy, made up of mostly farming due to the farmlands that the country has to offer, continues to grow produce for the people of Rwanda. Majority of the farming is potatoes, pulses, sorghum, and bananas. The high dollar crops are tea, pyrethrum and coffee. Some farmers raise goats, sheep, and cattle as well. Due to the low subsistence levels production most of the food had was imported in the 1990s, but has now reached levels where they can manage the production of the food supply and demand somewhat. Cassiterite and wolframite are mined in significant quantities, and natural gas produced at Lake Kivu. Rwanda's industries are limited to food processing, brewing, and small factories that manufacture furniture, footwear, plastic goods, textiles, and cigarettes (The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia).
The four main religious beliefs in Rwanda are; Roman Catholic, Protestant (Christian), Adventist, and Islam. The people of Rwanda believe in Imana, which many believe...

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