The Knights Templar
The Knights Templar, who were also known as The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (History), was probably quite possibly the most famous of Western Christian military groups. This groups popularity lasted about two centuries during the Early Middle Ages, also known as the Dark Ages.
The group was founded in the year 1118 by Hugh de Payens, who later would become the first Grand Master of the Knight Templar. They are most widely recognized because of the red cross they wore on their tunics, though that right wasn’t given to the group until 1147 by Pope Eugene III (Biema). The knights were to protect people during their pilgrimage or travels to the Holy Land. The Knights had two groups. There were those of noble birth who wore the white clothing and then those who weren’t of noble birth who carried out orders and such. The knights took a vow of poverty and donated all their wealth and belongings to the order, which helped the financial backing of the group. Not to mention that the knights were among to the first to work agriculture strictly for a profit with the drying out of the marshlands in England. This, along with large donations from the church really helped make the knights fiscally
sound. The King of Jerusalem, gave the knights part of his palace that was located on the Temple Mount, This locations was thought to be on top of what remained of the Temple of Solomon of which the knights were named after. International banking can be traced back and linked to the knights as they would lend money to pilgrims and crusaders for their journey.
After the fall of St. Jean de Arc, the knights would return to the west. This would be the beginning of the downfall of the knights. There were many in positions of power that owed a great deal of their fame and good fortune to the knights because of loans and protection the knights had provided. One example would be Philip IV (Philip IV), who owed them money and could very well have owed them his life because of the knights protection during the Paris riots. The knights had lost some of their luster and public support due to battles lost during the Holy Wars. People were beginning to think that the knights held too much power and sought to control the group or even disband them. Philip IV was one such person as jealousy seemed to be his motive, along with not having to pay back a great financial debt owed that he owned to the Templar’s. He wanted to control the knights and had dreams of becoming the Grand Master. A dream that never came to fruition. Philip would use his power as king of France to issue an order that on Friday the 13th of October 1307 the knights were to be arrested. This is the reason that Friday the 13th is seen as day of bad luck and ill fortune even to this day. He would do this as a way to control the knights and take their influence from them by sullying their reputation, and also to gain access to their wealth with...