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The Korean War. Essay

1619 words - 6 pages

Overview1.The Korean War, which started on the 25th of June, 1950, has been described as the bloodiest war in history. Starting of as a dispute over land between North Korea and South Korea, it slowly expanded into a full blown war involving other countries such as the Soviet Union, United States of America and China. Although most of the fighting took place on Korean soil, there were also battles taking place in the air, as well as battles in other countries. After 1346 days of fighting and bloodshed, an armistice agreement between the two sides was signed. However, a permanent peace treaty has never been signed.2. Causes and Lead-up to the WarThe main cause of the Korean War started with the division of Korean land. When they had been divided into two separate colonies, the problems began to arise.2.1 Division of Land From 1910 to 1945, Korea was a Japanese colony. When the Soviet Union and the United States defeated Japan in WW2, they divided the Korean Peninsula. The United States made the decision that it would occupy the southern half of Korea. The U.S. government did so out of fear that the Soviet Union would take control of the entire Korea Peninsula. America chose to divide Korea at the 38th parallel because it would keep the capital city, Seoul, in the American-occupied southern zone; the Soviet Union agreed to the division.2.2 Building Organizations Both the Soviet Union and the United States proceeded, with much help from Koreans, to build organizations in their halves of Korea that supported their interests. In 1947, the United Nations declared that elections would be held throughout Korea to choose one type of government for the whole country to live by. The Soviet Union wouldn't permit elections in their Northern half of Korea, so South Korea elected a national party on May 10th, 1948. This assembly set up the Republic of Korea. On September 9th of the same year, the Northern Korea communists established the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea.2.3 Lead-up to the War After establishing organizations on both sides, each with a leader and their own ideas and beliefs, both the North and South claimed the entire country. Between 1948 and 1950, North and Southern troops clashed near the border of the country several times. In 1949 the US removed their troops from the border. The Communists believed that the time was right for military action.3. ParticipantsThe Korean War started of as involving the two divisions of the country, the North and South. As each division was occupied by another country as well, these countries were involved. Other countries joined in the fighting as they had alliances with these countries or just wanted to lend a hand.3.1 North Korea North Korea was the communist country. They were lead by 33-year-old Kim Il Sung, who also received significant support from China. Kim was a Korean who had fought with Chinese Communist forces against the Japanese in the 1930s. Among Kim's first acts in power was to force...

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