The Korean War Essay

1647 words - 7 pages

On 25 June 1950, the Republic of South Korea was invaded by the North Korean Democratic people. Then, many things started to happen and these showed that they became the main significance of the Cold War that had been going on between the Allies power and the communists, since World War II was over. The invasion by the North Korean communists made President Harry Truman got furious. He looked at the attack as a direct dispute to America's decision to fight against international communism and to his 1947 Truman Doctrine. As a result, the Korean War broke out, which lasted for about three years. Just like in the Battle of Stalingrad, the Korean War left behind huge impacts and consequences. The Korean War and the Battle of Stalingrad each placed huge strain upon civilian populations, including mass executions, destruction of property and tolls of prisoners or wars.
The impacts of Korean War on the civilian population were dramatic, even until now the people can still feel them. It was estimated in the Korean War that the civilian casualties were about three to four million. “Many of those people assumed their flight to be a temporary measure; they fully expected to return to their lands after the fighting ended. So many left not just property and heirlooms, but also close relatives.” “Even after the signing of armistice at Panmunjom, psychological peace is not yet part of the Korean existence. For the Korean War split a land and separated a people. And no armistice can remedy that ill.” (calvin.edu). According to Charles J. Hanley, Seoul Government managed to investigate the dark history of mass political executions that were conducted in South Korea and they found evidence that proved that Seoul government killed thousands of people including dozens of children, sometime in the beginning of the Korean War. (japanfocus.org). “The investigative Truth and Reconciliation Commission has thus far verified more than two dozen mass killings of leftists and supposed sympathizers, among at least 100,000 people estimated to have been hastily shot and dumped into makeshift trenches, abandoned mines or the sea after communist North Korea invaded the south in June 1950.” (japanfocus.org). Also, between 1950 and 1951, it was estimated that local Korean police together with a local militia massacred “more than 460 people, including at least 23 children under the age of 10” in Namyangju, a place that is 16 miles from northeast of Seoul. There were also reports that from time to time, the North Korean and South Korean communists were found to have slaughtered policemen and others that were related to the conservative regime.
On the other hand, The Battle of Stalingrad witnessed a horrible aftermath on the civilians. “More than 40,000 Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs during a single week of aerial bombing as the German Fourth Panzer and Sixth armies approached the city.” (Jewishvirtuallibrary.org) “According to Soviet sources, the Germans...

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