A. Plan of the Investigation
What political factors contributed to the idea of Albanian nationalism after the breakup of Yugoslavia that contributed to the Kosovo Crisis of 1999. To determine the political factors that contributed to Albanian nationalism, this investigation will focus on the aftermath of the breakup of Yugoslavia, the social landscape of Kosovo after the breakup and the Kosovo Crisis of 1999. The views of the Albanians and Serbs will be examined to help develop a more contextual understanding of the rise of Albanian nationalism. Only the events that are relevant to the Kosovo War will be explored in this investigation.
To develop this investigation, I will look at a variety of sources including biographies of Slobodan Milosevic, research books on the conflict in Kosovo, and internet sources on Kosovo nationalism.
B. Summary of Evidence
The conflict between the Albanians and Serbs has been a continual issue since the fourteenth century. Ethnic conflicts rose again after the death of Tito who was the leader of Yugoslavia. Tito set up a national Yugoslav government and let the five Slavic nationalities (Serb, Croat, Slovene, Montenegrin, and Macedonian) govern their own part of Yugoslavia which suppressed any ethnic fighting (Andryszewski 14). After the death of Tito in 1980, ethnic conflicts began to come to surface again. Slobodan Milosevic gave a speech to the Serbs in Kosovo saying that “No one will dare to beat you again” (Andryszweski 18). In 1991, Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia which led to the outbreak of war since the Serb-dominated central government wanted to preserve the state. In 1995, the Dayton Peace Settlement was signed to end the war and Yugoslavia broke apart over human rights of the minority ethnic groups in the provinces and two provinces remained: Serbia (which was made up of Kosovo and Vojrodina) and Montenegro. Albanians and Serbs reside in Kosovo and both believe that Kosovo is a vital part of their identity and both want it to be a part of their nation. The Albanians claim that they occupied the land first and should have the right to have it while the Serbs argue that many of their most important leaders held power there and it is the center of the Serbian Orthodox church.
In 1995, Kosovo was the center of tension in Yugoslavia. Ethno-national groups were fighting for control of the state and the Albanians were dominated by the Serbs. The population of Albanians had nearly tripled in size during the end of the 20th century which created an unequal balance between the Serbs and Albanians. There were disputes between the groups concerning different points of view of borders, history, language and culture along with the ancient mistrust (Mertus 229). Police oppression and structural violence aided this tension as well. The conflict began between the elite who had their own goals for the ethnicities. Slobodan Milosevic who had been president of Serbia since 1989 wanted...