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The Ku Klux Klan Essay

865 words - 3 pages

The Ku Klux Klan

At the end of the American civil war in 1866 the Ku Klux Klan formed.
It is a white supremacist group that uses violence and intimidation to
reassert white domination in the United States. The Klan's attacks
have been aimed at African Americans, Jews, Catholics, immigrant and
other minority groups.

The Ku Klux Klan believes that after the Civil War in America white
citizens faced many problems due to the release of African American
slaves. They feared that these slaves would rise up and form a revolt
against white Americans. The Klan believes many of these cases did
occur and the government turned a blind eye too often. The Ku Klux
Klan then formed in May of 1866 to stand up for the rights of white
people in Southern America.

Originally, the small group were only social in nature and merely
discussed their beliefs of 'black tyranny', however the group grew and
began to terrorise African Americans by raiding their homes often
wearing white sheets. In 1867 many Klan's were established, most of
the leaders being former member of the Confederate Army,a group………… In
the next few years the Klan grew larger with more young extremists and
began to spread north. As the white rebellion grew larger they began
to wear marks and white cardboard hats and were draped in white
sheets. Many Klans tortured and killed African Americans and
sympathetic whites. Immigrants were also blamed for the election of
'radical republicans' and were also terrorised. Successful African
American businessmen were attacked and put out of business and any
attempt made to form black protection groups like trade unions was
stopped.

By 1870 the republicans in congress were urging the president, Ulysses
S. Grant to take action against the Ku Klux Klan. He instigated an
investigation into the organization and a grand jury reported that the
Ku Klux Klan and associated groups existed in most states across
America. It said that members of the Klan attacked many coloured
citizens and many were tortured and murdered. In 1871 congress passed
an act that gave permission to the president to intervene in troubled
states where disturbances due to the Ku Klux...

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