The Last Emperor Puyi. Essay

1944 words - 8 pages

On 15th November 1908, on her deathbed the Dowager Empress named young Aisin Gioro Puyi to inherit to the throne. The son of the imprisoned emperor's brother, Puyi was only three years old at the time. Foreigners were over powering China; Qing dynasty (1) seemed to have reached its end. Puyi was sent to live in the Forbidden City, Zijincheng (2), now known as Tiananmen Square. At the palace, Puyi was able to receive everything he wanted. The young emperor was being treated with great respect. However, Puyi was kept like a prisoner, he had absolutely no freedom. In 1911 a rebellion was held forcing Prince Ch'un (Puyi) to resign as a regent. Yuan Shih-k'ai took over the control of Chinese government, he wanted to be the ruler of the dynasty and also abdicate Puyi. The Manchu Grand Council agreed, they had no as they had no other choice. Their power wasn't as strong as before and didn't have a decent ruler (Puyi was still very young to make any grand decisions). On 12th February 1912, the five-year old emperor renounced his throne. In 1917, a warlord named Chang Hsun a Manchurian decided to help to restore Puyi to the throne. His army surrounded Beijing; Puyi was renounce as the emperor again. However only six days later, Puyi 's restoration, three bombs were being dropped on the Forbidden City. Puyi 's supporters abandoned him, which meant once again he lost his throne. The British Colonial Office Reginald Johnston became Puyi's English tutor. The emperor was strongly influenced by Johnston. He had an attraction to Western things. In 1924 Feng Yu-hsiang ordered his army to surround the Forbidden City. He was both a Communist and a Christian and was an enemy of the Manchus. Prince Ch'un was forced to leave the Forbidden City. This meant Puyi regained his freedom and will be treated as an ordinary citizen. A quote he spoke was. "I had no freedom as emperor. Now I want to have the I have found my freedom!"(3) He moved into a Japanese compound and was later joined by his wives and staff. Soon they moved to Tientsin, the coast of China. The Japanese had a lot of power there. Chang Garden was Puyi's working and living place. He spent many year there trying to plot to regain his throne. In 1928, revolutionaries looted the tombs of some of P'u Yi's ancestors, including Dowager Empress Tzu Hsi. Puyi hated the Chinese because of this. In 1931 the Japanese army invaded Manchuria, the Japanese helped to build a new empire called Manchuguo, they made Puyi the emperor however, he was only used as a puppet. The Japanese were the once making the decision from the back. Japanese ordered spies to watch over Puyi. Chinese governments believed Manchuguo as a fake country. Only the German, Italians and Japanese recognize the existence of Manchugou. Why did Puyi have such a bad reputation among the Chinese and many Manchurians? The three major reasons were firstly he caused the downfall of Manchu, secondly he was involved with foreigners, especially helped the Japanese...

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