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"The Past Is A Different Country. They Do Things Differently There" Is This An Appropriate Comment Concerning Medical History? Give Some Specific Examples From Tutorials And Lectures.

3116 words - 12 pages

The world of the past:Since the ancient times to modern days, there has been progression in most aspects of medical history including technology and perspectives of human beings towards different medical approaches. This is because of the widening of understanding, and also ones will to understand beyond their scope.However, background from the past is needed in order to do things today. During the past, people believed in treatments and mythical approaches that were believed cure diseases. (Some examples would be shown in the essay).Over the centuries, there have been researchers, doctors and scientists and also experimental people that have contributed to the development of knowledge, which many of them have been controversial during the time where notions had been the dominating theory for the cause and cure of a disease. It is through the major developments of knowledge and understanding that put distinctions between the past and present. Therefore the past is a different country than that of today, due to the very slow and gradual change that has occurred.During the very early times, supernatural notions were a dominant aspect, hence very little scientific knowledge was present. The Ancient Greeks say that medicine is not scientific, but rather that medicine is an art that looks at the body and soul in an intuitive way. According to one of the journal articles human remains had been found which revealed the evidence of malaria, and also these findings show a "population of a 40 year life expectancy plagued with dental caries, agents of linear hypoplasia, anemia, thalassemia, and treponematoses" I. These evidence do agree to the fact that the Ancient Greeks thought on supernatural terms, and hence there was very little or no scientific understanding, into the causes of diseases.The first known descriptions of blood circulation was from the period 500BC by "Greek thinker Alcamaeon" and this description was followed by Aristotle in 350BC, saying that the heart contains 3 chambers. Herophilus observes that veins and arteries are different, as arteries are thicker and carry bloodIn the first century BC, Galen thought that the blood circulated, but was rather like tides of the ocean. He also made an important contribution, as he saw the distinction between arteries and veins, the movement of the heart and valves. However he didn't know what transferred the blood between the veins and arteries.In the 16th century, Servetus (1511-1553)i studied Galens writings, but suggested that "blood flowed from one side of the heart to the other via the lungs instead of through the wall between the ventricle. There were also many other theories made about circulation at that time.Unfortunately the need of scientific understanding was disregarded as these opposed the beliefs and notions that were wide spread such as the example below.William Harvey (1578-1657) was an anatomist, but his work was disregarded as it didn't agree with the notions and beliefs during...

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