The Last Phase Of The Pacific War

685 words - 3 pages

The Last Phase of the Pacific War
In order to judge the significance of the use of suicide bombing, it is essential to examine the last phase of the Pacific war. 1944, the last but not least year of the Pacific war, was the ultimate climax for both Japan and America.
The early part of 1943 was a period of solidification for both Japan and America. Although both sides did their best to prepare for the following moves of their enemies, it was practically clear that the advantage of this major war was headed towards America. As the American forces successfully progressed in their island-hopping campaign, capturing the Guadalcanal in the Solomons, Tarawa in the Gilberts, and Kwajlein in the ...view middle of the document...

The Americans selected Leyte Island as their base in order to support operations in the Luzon- Formosa-China coast area and mainly to abolish Japanese strength in Luzon. In addition, if the Americans captured the Philippines, the Japanese home islands would be cut off from the massively important supply that was necessary for their war machine (The Lost Evidence: Leyte Gulf).

To prevent from that catastrophe, the Japanese prepared for another major battle. While the American force landed in Leyte, the Japanese admirals, Ozawa, Toyoda, and Kurita were preparing for a simple and well-coordinated attack in order to cut off American amphibious landings (Hearn 194). The Japanese admirals planned to divide the battleship-cruisers into three groups. The most powerful naval fleet of Japan, the center force, would approach Leyte from the Southwest, while two groups coming from the Japanese bases from the north and south would combine to attack Leyte from the South. In addition, a decoy third fleet would come from the north to attract Halsey's carriers out...

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