The Leaders Of The Progressives Era

1124 words - 4 pages

In the early 20th Century there came the onset of political and social changes, labeled as the Progressive Era. The period of reforms in 1900-1917 formed a newidealism of greater democracy and efficiency of the government, better regulation of big businessand social justice. There rose a necessitate of a strong, advanced and open-minded personality who would be able to take over and to translate reforms into reality. The Progressive-charming and forward-looking idealist, who acts with great enthusiasm and passion, and whose decisionsare followed by great cleverness and confidence, is an undoubted leader to make America a better country to live in.In 1901 Theodore Roosevelt emergences the political area with his first Message to Congress. In particular document he distinguishes between good and bad trusts, andunderstanding its issue to remain political and economic problems, suggest greater control of bigbusiness: "Concentration should be, not prohibited, but supervised and within reasonable limitscontrolled" (Roosevelt, Theodore. "Message to Congress." For the Record: A DocumentaryHistory of America. Ed. David E. Shi & Holly A. Mayer. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.,1999. 146). Theodore Roosevelt represents an agitating and powerful speech that demonstrateshis strong attitude and determination to act:"All this is true; and yet it is also true that there are real and grave evils, one of the chief being overcapitalization because of its many baleful consequences; and resolute and practical effort must be made to correct these evils. (Tindall, George Brown & David E. Shi. America: A Narrative History. 5th ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1999.).The Congress and the public get involved of such powerful and passionate personality and goes into. In 1904 Theodore Roosevelt wins the election and "begins the Progressive Eramovement in the presidency"(Arnsten, Amy. "America in Transition." Interlochen Arts cademy. 31/01/04.). The new Progressive president continues to work on his major worry - bad trusts. After the "square deal" (1902) and subsequent Coal Strike (1902) -both fights with "bad" corporations, he keeps on and later follows the significant - Elkins and Hepburn Acts in 1906.Most of his concentration and energy he put into fighting with the "big bad business", but in the reality, he brought less antitrust suits than William Howard Taft by a score of eighty to twenty-five. Further, William Howard Taft "withdrew more public lands in four years than Roosevelt had in nearly eight" (Tindall, George Brown & David E. Shi. America: A Narrative History. 5th ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1999.). Later The Jungle novel by the muckraker Upton Sinclair gets Theodore Roosevelt's attention and in 1906 follows the Meat Inspection and the Pure Food and Drug Acts. Again, he is dealing with the filthy working conditions in Chicago's meat-packing industry, while there is a necessitate of more important reforms to improve the structure and...

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