The Legacy Of Deng Xiaoping Essay

1080 words - 4 pages

The Legacy of Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping was born is 1904 in Sichuan Province. He died in 1997.
He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party. He went to France
for higher education. He was a short man, gentle looking and
intelligent. He was tough and soft-spoken. He was a chain smoker and
he loved playing mahjong. He became the leader of China after chairman
Mao. He was in power from 1978 till 1997. He married three times and
had five children. (Three daughter, two sons)

Deng made three major policies while he was in power. One of them was
the One Child Policy. China has always been overpopulated. At the time
when Mao was in power, people were encouraged to have a lot of
children. The population of China rose so high that millions of people
were dying of starvation. In the 1980s, Deng came up with the One
Child Policy. Every family is only allowed to have one child. People
who had followed the policy were given a lot of privileges, such as
free education, houses and etc. The policy worked pretty well. Most
people followed it, though the people who lived in the country still
had many children. The overall living standards in China have
improved. The population growth is controlled.

Another one of Deng's Major Policies was the "one country, two
systems" model. During the Opium War, the British defeated China and
China had to give Hong Kong to Britain. When the Communists defeated
the Nationalists, Chiang Kaishek escaped to Taiwan and since then,
Taiwan became independent. The Portuguese took Macao away. In order to
get those three places back to as part of China, Deng developed the
"one country, two systems" model and applied it to Hong Kong, Macao
and Taiwan. So far this policy worked for Hong Kong and Macao. Hong
Kong returned to China in 1997 and Macao returned in 1999. Taiwan is
still independent. But overall, this policy worked well.

The other major policy that Deng had made was the economic
liberalization. This policy includes economic reform, the opening up
to foreign countries and the establishment of the special economic
zones. In the 1980s, Deng started to make some economic reforms in
China based on the Four Modernizations, which is the modernization of
agriculture, industry, science and technology and the military. Deng
opened up China to foreign countries. Foreigners came to China and
built up their business in China. Chinese students were sent aboard to
foreign countries for further education. During the Cultural
Revolution, many students quitted school in order to make chaos as the
Red Guards. Colleges and universities were closed. The education of a
whole young generation had been lost. After the Cultural Revolution, a
lot of those people...

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