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The Legacy Of Greek And Roman Governments

1084 words - 5 pages

The governments of ancient Greece and Rome had many similarities and differences, creating two unique cultures. There were several things that set them apart, and it changed the way each civilization grew and developed. For example, Greece’s social classes were divided into slaves, women and citizens, while Rome had slaves, plebeians and patricians. In ancient Rome, plebeians were the commoners in Rome, such as farmers, and patricians were aristocrats or noblemen. Furthermore, women were treated as citizens in Rome, but more like property in Greece (“Ancient Greece vs. Ancient Rome,” para. 5). In Athens, women were controlled by the men in their lives by having their father control them before marriage, and their husbands after. Another difference between the two countries was how their governments originally began. Greece was originally made up of several city-states, each being an independant nation. Rome, on the other hand, was originally a monarchy. Over time, it eventually became a Republic, in which power is held by the people and their elected representatives. The similarities between the government of Greece and Rome included their beliefs in several gods. Athens was known for worshiping the goddess Athena, their city-god. Rome worshiped several other gods as well, including Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. Another similarity was their fierce militaries. Greece was known for having lots of internal warfare, but they succeeded in preventing any military invasions, especially from Persia. Rome is known for having as the most powerful and successful military in the Western region. Their size, strength, and organization helped them to achieve many accomplishments in the expansion of their empire.
The governments in both Greece and Rome contributed to their overall success as an empire as well. The freedom of voting in Greece provided a way for it’s citizens to have a voice in the government, and Romes supreme military helped to expand its territory and increase its power. The Democracy form of government in Greece provided a way for the people to express their thoughts and ideas for the betterment of the state, as well as bringing forth the interests of the state as a whole. Due to the fact that women, children, slaves, and foreigners were not allowed to vote, this left the majority of the state out of voting. Leaving only the few men to vote, this created an environment where the decisions that were being made were being made by the people who actually mattered and had a say in the government (“7 Points to Know About Ancient Greek Government,” para. 2). This created a government in Greece that suited a lot of people, and helped them to come together as a nation. The military aggressiveness of Rome played a major part in several of Rome’s greatest achievements. Starting with it’s military academy, Rome had its young men training hard to become great warriors, and it clearly paid off. They began to assert themselves in...

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