The Legal History Of China Essay

2368 words - 9 pages

The Legal History of China

Before I introduce the legal history of China, I want to talk about
several points:

First, introduce the legal history of China should be based on the
general history of china:

As everyone has know the general history of China, I will not
introduce it in detail.( The ancient China had many dynasties, from
the Xia Dynasty (21th-16th century before Christ), to the Shang
Dynasty (16th―11th century B.C). West Zhou Dynasty (11century B.C-256
B.C. total 800 years), the Spring and Autumn Period (770 B.C.―476
B.C), Warring States Period (403-221 BC),the Qin Dynasty
(221B.C―206B.C.) ,the Han Dynasty (202B.C,24EMPORALS,406years), Three
Kingdoms (220 - 265) ,Dynasties of the North and South (317 - 589)
,the Sui Dynasty (581-618), Tang Dynasty, (617- 907, 290years),the
Song Dynasty (960-1279, 18 emporals,320 years, Yuan Dynasty (1206
-1368 ,11 emperors, 98 years),Ming Dynasty (1368―1644), till the Qing
Dynasty (1616―1911).

It has been proved though textual research that China has a legal
history of five thousand years. During the passed thousands of years,
China had a continuous legal history, clear evolution, abundance
materials and content. China legal system had far-reaching influence
to other countries.

If we couldn't find a correct method to research, it would be
difficult to speak it out in several minutes.

Second, find a correct method to research:

I will introduce the legal history of china according to the nature of
social institution. It is the correct manner in studying the legal
system of china.

Third, I must point out the four stages of china legal history because
I will introduce follow the four stages.
======================================================================

China legal systems developed four stages, each stage has its unique
character.

1 slave society, including The xia, Shang, west zhou three Dynasties.

2 feudal society , from Qin dynast to Qing dynasty, the duration is
from 210 B.C. to 1841

3 semi-feudal , semi-colony society, from 1841 to 1949

4 socialism society from 1949 till now

Then, I want to generally combine the qualities or features of the
legal system that distinguishes one stage from another

In the legal education of China, we teach the legal system of each
dynasty respectively. If I select this kind of method to introduce the
legal system of china, I can not finish it in just 15 minutes.
Therefore, I want to form general conclusions of each stage.

I slave society,

First, theocracy and divinity Judge, nemesis

We can find it in the old books, and can easy find it from the literal
meaning and structure of the word of "law". The Chinese word of law in
ancient Chinese, is constituted with three parts, which are water,
unicorn and go. Water means...

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