The Legalization Of Euthanasia Essay

1914 words - 8 pages

Euthanasia legalization has been a controversial topic for years; studies have shown that arguments regarding the euthanasia debate are often depending on the process used to take the life of the patient. There are a lot of thoughts surrounding the issue of euthanasia and whether or not it should be legal. According to the Encyclopedia of American Law, euthanasia is categorized as a class of criminal homicide (Debate.org, par. 3). However, not all homicides are considered illegal. In today’s society, killing is seen as excusable when used as a criminal penalty, but inexcusable when carried out for any other reason. In most places, non-voluntary euthanasia is considered illegal and involuntary euthanasia is considered a criminal homicide. Protesters often claim that laws in contradiction of euthanasia are government authorized suffering, but this claim would be similar to saying that laws against marketing contaminated food are government mandated starvation. It is suggested that Euthanasia should be legalized, but have a strict law about who is capable of receiving it.
According to the Webster’s Dictionary, euthanasia is known as the painless killing by act or omission of a dependent human being suffering from an incurable and painful disease (Webster). In other words, if death is not intended, it is not an act of euthanasia. The word euthanasia is derived from the Greek word “eu” and “thanatos” which means “good death”. In some country’s euthanasia is described as an assisted suicide. However, assisted suicide is different from euthanasia. Assisted suicide is when the patient is in complete control of the process that leads to death because he or she is the person who performs the act of suicide while the other person simply assists by supplying the person with the necessary equipment to carry out this illegal act. There are four types of euthanasia: there is voluntary and direct, voluntary but indirect, direct but involuntary, and indirect and involuntary. Voluntary and direct euthanasia is when euthanasia is selected and carried out by the patient. Voluntary but indirect euthanasia is chosen ahead of time. Direct but involuntary euthanasia is done without the patient’s request. Indirect and involuntary euthanasia is when the hospital decides to remove a person from life support. The most known process of euthanasia is a doctor giving patients a powerful sedative which slowly numbs their body before injecting another drug to stop their heart.
There are five methods of euthanasia and each methods of euthanasia have different outcomes. The methods used when giving euthanasia are the withdrawn or withheld treatment, the injection treatment, the plastic bag treatment, the dehydration and suicide pill treatment. The withdrawn/withheld treatment is when food and water is being withheld from the patient. This method causes the patient to starve to death. It is also suggested to be the most painful method. The injection treatment is a coma induced...

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