The Lethality Of Desire Essay

1242 words - 5 pages

The destructive force of a black hole is not only perilous, but inescapable once matter is trapped in its pull. Similarly, in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet and George Orwell’s 1984, Hamlet and Winston become seduced by the impulsive desires of their ids. Sigmund Freud describes the id as the force within an individual to immediately gratify desires, the superego as the voice of reason within an individual, and the ego as the part of an individual’s mind which directs the individual to conform to social standards. Hamlet, faced with killing King Claudius to avenge his father, is hindered only by his superego and society. Winston, wishing to openly oppose his government, The Party, is deterred by his superego and the threat of prosecution by the totalitarian state. Although their superegos act as deterrents for unorthodox behaviour, Hamlet and Winston view them as impediments to their ids. Moreover, while the protagonists break the status quo to satisfy their ids, they attempt to hide behind personas created by their egos in order to avoid the consequences of their felonies. Eventually the ids of the protagonists overcome their superegos, thus influencing them to commit crimes prior thought absurd. Thereupon, when Hamlet and Winston allow their ids to dominate their superegos they let go of all their inhibitions, ultimately instigating their downfall. Through the protagonists’ plights to satisfy their temptations, Hamlet and 1984 illustrate the dangers of straying from societal standards by indulging the id. To begin, both stories commence with the protagonists possessing very perceptive superegos, which hinder them from making rash, instinct-driven decisions. Hamlet is introduced as an insightful, philosophical man who believes his discerning superego is an obstacle rather than a virtue by declaring that he is “three parts coward” for having “one part wisdom” (IV iv 42; IV iv 41). Comparatively, Winston believes that “[he] is never fighting against an external enemy but always against [his] own body” when his superego precludes him from committing acts of treason (Orwell 90). Both protagonists antagonize themselves, more specifically, their ids. By calling himself a “coward” for contemplating the risks of assassinating Claudius, Hamlet shows how little he values his superego. Similarly, Winston deems his superego as more of an “enemy” to himself than The Party. The words “coward” and “enemy” both hold strong connotations of loathing, and in this case, self-loathing, highlighting the contempt both protagonists possess towards their superegos. Furthermore, Hamlet and Winston recognize that their superegos are “against” their ids by forbidding them to act on impulsive desires. In essence, Hamlet and Winston repudiates their superegos and considers them as hindrances rather than insightful advice. Thus, by flouting their superegos, the protagonists put themselves into the precarious hands of their respective societies.
In addition, even...

Find Another Essay On The Lethality of Desire

Desire of the Fourteenth Century Women

965 words - 4 pages Desire of the Fourteenth Century Women Is not what we desire, the most hard to get? It has always been this way. Unfortunately, women’s rights and abilities have been underestimated over the centuries. In the fourteenth century, the status and condition of a European woman depended on her husband’s position. Women had to endure arranged marriages, abuse and male dominance. During that time, Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales and

The Scarlet Letter: Desire of Freedom.

1788 words - 7 pages The Scarlet Letter: Desire of Freedom.Freedom is not easily granted to people whose lives have been filled with the guilt of sin. In order to live a life free from a guilty conscience, one must suffer from their sins and wear their own mark of shame. This mark serves as a catalyst for personal transformation and the character is either strengthened by the experience or the character meets their demise. Everyone desires to live a life free from

Full summary of "Desire Under the Elms"

1758 words - 7 pages all say '"'Good-bye'"' Abbie and Eben say '"'I love you'"' as they leave. As in the beginning, Eben notes how pretty the sunset looks.-the play ends w/ the sheriff commenting '"''"' It"'"s a jim-dandy farm, no dnyin"'" it. Wished I owned it!'"'.Desire Under the Elms (1925) alludes to themes of Greek mythology and uses New England farm life as the setting for a tragic tale involving adultery, incest, and infanticide

The Price of Success in Rodriguez's "The Achievement of Desire"

1977 words - 8 pages The Price of Success in Rodriguez's "The Achievement of Desire""When you go in search of honey you must expect to be stung by bees"Kennet Kaunda"The Achievement of Desire" in Richard Rodriguez's view does not express the happiness and satisfaction that the fulfillment of a goal such as becoming literate would normally provide, but it is wrapped in irony and connotes the sense of failure and disappointment. Even though "local boy made good

Review of the play "9 Parts of Desire"

1936 words - 8 pages Heather Raffo, an Iraqi-American, traveled across four different continents interviewing Iraqi women to compile their stories into one intense production presenting their country's female population from a new perspective. A mosaic of the lives of nine Iraqi women that pieces together countless events of war-torn Iraq, "9 Parts of Desire" presents a point of view which is unseen by many Americans today. Being an Iraqi but living in America was

The Impossibility of Female Desire in Pygmalion and The Awakening

2062 words - 8 pages In “The Power of Discourse and the Subordination of the Feminine,” Luce Irigaray argues that, because society uses a patriarchal language that privileges male-gendered logic over female-gender emotion, there is no adequate language to represent female desire. She writes that “feminine pleasure has to remain inarticulate in language, in its own language, if it is not to threaten the underpinnings of logical operations” and, because of this, “what

The Raw Power of A Streetcar Named Desire

2098 words - 8 pages The Raw Power of A Streetcar Named Desire         Tennessee Williams's play A Streetcar Named Desire contains more within it's characters, situations, and story than appears on its surface. As in many of Williams's plays, there is much use of symbolism and interesting characters in order to draw in and involve the audience.  The plot of A Streetcar Named Desire alone does not captivate the audience.  It is Williams's

Desire and Downfall The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus

1001 words - 4 pages Desire and Downfall (Topic # 7)The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus by Christopher Marlowe is a strange yet fascinating work. Originally I found the work difficult to understand mainly because I did not think I could relate to Dr. Faustus. However, as the play progressed I found that Dr. Faustus and his problems are quite similar to anyone else’s life conflicts. Most everyone can relate to Faustus’ desire for the unattainable, in this

A Streetcar Named Desire - The Importance of Scene 6

1181 words - 5 pages A Street Car Named Desire - The Importance of Scene 6    Scene 6 is a poignant part of 'A Street Car Named Desire' and only contains the characters Mitch and Blanche. The scene begins with the impression that Blanche and Mitch have not enjoyed the evening that they have just spent together at a local carnival. Blanches voice and manner is described as being " the utter exhaustion which only a neurasthenic personality can know." Mitch

The Use of Language in A Streetcar Named Desire

1516 words - 6 pages The Use of Language in A Streetcar Named Desire Analyse how Tennessee Williams uses language and dramatic techniques to explore attitudes to identity in ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’. Make close reference Analyse how Tennessee Williams uses language and dramatic techniques to explore attitudes to identity in ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’. Make close reference to an extract in the play. Go on to show your understanding of the significance

The Madness of Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire

1780 words - 7 pages reality and to escape her emotions but is at the same time she uses lies to escape from the actual truth of her drinking problem by lying to those around her; she tells Mitch "Three is my limit". It is obvious that Blanche is attempting to escape or running away from something as the reason for her arrival is left ambiguous and this "desire" to escape is illustrated in her comment towards the end of scene 2; she says, "I ought to go [to

Similar Essays

Fire Of Desire, Of The Movie Rudy

976 words - 4 pages Fire of Desire      Nearly everyone who has succeeded in some venture of life has at one point encountered critics and criticism. The events throughout the movie, Rudy, directed by David Anspaugh, are no different. The movie, based on a true story, is an inspiring tale of Daniel "Rudy" Rudiger’s fight against all odds to play football for Notre Dame. Rudy, through the course of his entire life, had been told

The Title Of This Essay Is "Desire".

1068 words - 4 pages Desire is a multifaceted word with different formal meanings and varied effects on people. Effects are derived from diverse gender, community, age, background experiences with the word, and its different connotations. The most common implication is linked to sexuality because of its influence on self worth in our current American society. The formal definition of desirable is "worth having" but people can also define it as being attractive

The Botany Of Desire, By Michael Pollan

1110 words - 4 pages Every garden has their own purposes that make gardeners devote a great amount of time to take care of them. Gardeners are coming up with their own unique ways of taking care of their gardens, especially when they make profits out of it. In his book, The Botany of Desire, Michael Pollan claims the best gardeners of his generation have devoted themselves to growing cannabis, popularly known as marijuana. Intrigued with Pollan’s argument, I

Teenagers And The Desire Of Perfection

1084 words - 4 pages quo, millions upon millions of teenagers all across America suffer from eating disorders and steroid addictions, among many other life threatening habits. Millions of American teenagers also try cosmetic surgery in order to obtain ultimate perfection. The metaphysical desire to be perfect, as well as the desire to be categorized with those that have the perfect body type is slowly killing our society?s teenagers.The group which is the most