The Life and Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake
The British Empire was a World dominant force throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th century, but if it wasn’t for the naval defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the British might have never settled what would be the United States. And the person we have to thank is none other than Sir Francis Drake, a common man whose rise from a small country town, to the mighty dragon that the Spanish feared, was the most brilliant Captain during the Elizabethan Era. Sir Francis Drake’s privateering in the Caribbean and the Pacific were the staging grounds for the destruction of the Spanish Armada and the Rise of the British Empire. It was in the Caribbean where Drake inflicted is greatest defeats and captured his greatest prizes.
Sir Francis Drake was just the man the British needed to destroy a dominating Spanish monarchy. The Queen however was embarrassed half of the time for Drake’s ability to take basic orders and expand on them to greater serve himself and his country. Although this jeopardized the safety of the Queen by provoking the Spanish into war. Sir Francis Drake was a man who was feared by all countries who sailed under the Roman Catholic Church’s flag. He was hated by some for his piracy and rude, abrupt behavior. He was not a gentleman by British standards, but he was a fair and generous Captain known to let his captured prisoners go free. In some cases even the captured crew and their ships would be let go. He is not totally a just man, he was known to buy favors, and in one case even killed a man because of their disagreement in the Pacific Ocean. But by most people he was a man admired for his clever seamanship and treatment of his fellow sailors. And most of all, he was admired for his wealth and fame he brought to his country and all who did business with him. Many companies were able to be formed from the wealth he bought to investors like Sir William Winter, George Winter, John Hawkins, Sir Francis Walsingham, Sir Christopher Hatton, and Lord Burghley.
It is my belief that Francis Drake’s motivation for the attacks on the Spanish monarchy are a indirect result of the attacks on the Protestants by the Roman Catholics in England at that time. Furthermore the adventual destruction of the Spanish Armada is the result of these attacks on the Spanish shipping in which Protestant Captains like Drake were directly responsible. The underlying reason for the Spanish and English war is the clash of Two European religions in Europe and the new world; among other things like wealth and power. Their are three cruises that show his brilliant seamanship and great leadership, but these cruises show also that he wasn’t one to stick his orders and follow his plans. This is the reason why he was so great, his ability to improvise. But before we look at his seamanship practices we need to look at his early years to understand his reasoning behind his hatred for the Spanish and their religion. This...