James Madison was born March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia, while his mother was visiting her parents. He was the son of James and Nelly Conway Madison. After a few weeks, she traveled back to Montpelier Estate, in Orange County, with her newborn. This became his lifelong home. He was the oldest of 10 children and a descendent of the planter aristocracy. His early education was gained from his mother, many tutors, and at a private school. He was a very bright boy and did well in his studies although he was frail and sickly in his youth.
He attended and graduated from College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, in 1771. He showed a special interest in government and the law ...view middle of the document...
During the convention, he took the floor over 150 times although he had poor speaking capabilities. His journal of the convention is the best single record of the event. As a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1789-97, he helped frame and ensure passage of the Bill of Rights. He also helped create a system of federal taxation. He was Secretary of State from 1801-1809 under Thomas Jefferson. His wife, Dolley, often served as President Jefferson’s hostess.
James Madison was as the 4th President of the United States and served 2 terms. He was President from March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1817. “He is hailed as the ‘Father of the Constitution’ for being instrumental in the drafting of the United States Constitution and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights” (ipl.org, 3). His salary as president was $25,000 a year.
A few notable events during in presidency included the following:
• In 1811, he allowed the 20-year charter of Bank of the United States to lapse, and William Henry Harrison fought Indians led by Chief Tecumseh at Tippecanoe, near, Indianapolis.
• On June 18, 1812, he declared war on England after England continued to attach U.S. ships headed to France. Also in 1812, he was reelected.
• In 1814, the City of Washington was captured and burned ty the British, Francis Scott Key observed the flag over Fort McHenry at Baltimore, inspiring him to write “The Star Spangled Banner,” and the Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 on December 24, although fighting continued.
• In 1815, Andrew Jackson defeated the British at New Orleans on January 8, after war ended.
• In 1816, the Second Bank of...