In Florence, Italy a cathedral stands over the grave of its architect, Filippo Brunelleschi. The Cathedral of Florence that now serves as his monument was one of his largest architectural developments. Little is known about Filippo’s childhood because he was not very famous; however, later in life he made huge accomplishments in the field of architecture. Filippo Brunelleschi’s structures were considered glorious at the time and are still standing today.
Filippo Brunelleschi was born in 1377 in Florence, Italy. He had one older brother and one younger brother. His mom was Giuliana Spini and his dad was Ser Brunellesco di Lippo Lapi, who was a Florentine notary. Even though Brunelleschi never married, he had one adopted son, Buggiano. After Brunelleschi trained to be a sculptor and goldsmith, in 1398, he applied to make the bronze reliefs for the door of the Baptistery of Florence in 1401. Sometime around this time he picked up the nickname “Pippo” by his friends. He was competing against six sculptors, one of them being Lorenzo Ghiberti. Unfortunately, Filippo didn’t win; Lorenzo Ghiberti did. After he lost, Filippo decided to leave his sculpting and to focus on architecture, where he worked with gears, clocks, wheels, and weights and math. He became very successful in those two fields. He turned out to be an architect and a clockmaker, but he was still a goldsmith too. He was also the first engineer in the renaissance (“Filippo Brunelleschi 1377-1446”). He was the architect for the Cathedral of Florence, also called the Santa Maria del Fiore.
Later on, he started working on the Cathedral of Florence, one of his most prestigious works. He worked on the dome, which itself took about sixteen years to finish. Filippo barely got to see the ceremony of the first stone of the lantern on top of the cathedral being placed, because he died only a month later, on April 16, 1466. Why he died is not known, but it is thought to be of an illness. Filippo died in his house which he had lived in for his whole life, laying bedside with his adopted son and heir Buggiano (King 153). Filippo Brunelleschi had many accomplishments in his life.
During his long life, Brunelleschi made many contributions to architecture, clockmaking, and mathematics. Brunelleschi used his math skills to develop linear perspective, which was showing depth on a flat surface. One of his many accomplishments was writing a book on linear perspective titled Rules of Perspective, which helped many future architects. This book described how linear perspective works, which is that the lines that make up the picture all converge to one vanishing point. He also described how to show scale. He determined mathematically how to make an object seem far away by making it smaller to the precise measurement to match its distance (O’Connor 2). Filippo Brunelleschi’s...