Mark Twain, originally born as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, was the sixth child of a family of eight. Born to John and Jane Clemens on November 30, 1835, Twain was born in the small town of Florida, Missouri. At the age of four, Mark Twain and his family then relocated to Hannibal in the hope of drastically improving their living conditions. He later died of heart disease in Redding, Connecticut on April 21,1910. By lineage, Twain was of Southern decent, as both of his parents' birthplaces were that of Virginia. Slaveholding in the small community of Hannibal, with only a population of 2000 at the time, provided a variety of both a rugged lifestyle mixed with southern tradition. With a lifestyle previously mentioned, these played as a major influence in his major writings, including The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
During his youth, Twain was a very troublesome boy; growing up with poor health early in his life, Twain had led a band of young pranksters, learned to smoke, and was very ...view middle of the document...
Louis. Instead of concluding to live his life in St. Louis, Twain then proceeded to travel across the United States, working in journalism, to states such as New York, Massachusetts, Iowa, and Washington. After the hardships Twain had gone through with different wanderings, Twain had come to an ultimate conclusion of living his childhood dream in becoming a river pilot.
At the age of seventeen, Twain worked as a river pilot’s apprentice under Horace Bixby, pilot of the Paul Jones. At the age of 24, Twain became a licensed pilot. His pseudonym, Mark Twain, meaning "safe to navigate," was derived from a river term meaning "12-feet deep of water". The Civil War made the river trade stand still, so Twain them began to work as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers throughout the United States.
While writing in Virginia City, Nevada, Twain ran into rivals who were insisting on having a duel as an attempt to avoid imprisonment. Twain fled to San Francisco, where he became well known and had numerous offers to work at newspaper companies. Due to a mishap, Twain was sued for offending the city’s police department. Hearing this, Twain fled to the Sierras and panned for gold; a few months later he returned to San Francisco, where the police dropped their lawsuit. Throughout the 1860’s Twain became a world traveller with his job at the Alta California, where they financed a five-month excursion to Europe and the Middle East as he was trying he kept documenting his travels. Twain's first popular work, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," was published in 1865, while in 1869, he published his first book, Innocents Abroad.
In 1870, Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon. They had four children, however, only one of their children, Clara, lived to their adulthood. While living in Hartford, Connecticut, Twain then rose to be the great American author he is today. The novels he became most notable for include Roughing It, Tom Sawyer, and Huckleberry Finn.
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