Ernest Miller Hemingway was born into the hand of his father, who was a physician, July 21 1899 in Oak Park Illinois. His father, Dr. Clarence Hemingway had a great interest in literature and history as well as outdoor activities such as fishing and hunting. The second of six children Ernest greatly partook in the activities and interests of his father. His mother,Hemingway was the daughter of an english immigrant. She was more the domineering type who wanted a daughter, instead of a son, and continuously dressed Ernest up as a girl and called him Ernestine. She was also very abusive to Clarence (Ernest’s father) who also suffered from diabetes. Dr. Hemingway committed suicide as a result. (Shelokhonov)
After Graduating from high school he began his long writing career as a reporter for The Kansas City Star. He quickly adopted the iconic minimalist style, using short sentences and short paragraphs. Only six months after becoming a reporter he joined the Ambulance Corps in World War 1 and worked as an ambulance driver on the Italian front. In July of 1918 Hemingway was wounded by a mortar shell, that left shrapnel in both legs that caused him pain the rest of his life. (Shelokhonov)
When he returned to America he began working for The Toronto Star and met Hadley Richardson whom he married in 1921. The Toronto Star made him a reporter in Paris in 1921, where he published his first books “Three Stories and Ten Poems” in 1923, and “In Our Time” in 1924. He also wrote “The Sun Also Rises” in 1926, “A Farewell To Arms” in 1929, and a brilliant collection of 49 stories. (Shelokhonov)
On the advice of John Dos Passos, Ernests friend in Paris and a fellow member of “Lost Generation”, Hemingway decided to visit Key West. On the way to Key West Hemingway stopped in Havana Cuba, which will become a critically important city and country in his later life. When he finally got to Key West in April of 1928, he resumed work on the story that he started on the voyage to Key West. He continued to write in the mornings and then exploring his surroundings in the afternoon. It only took Hemingway 3 weeks to finish his autobiographical novel about World War 1, “A Farewell To Arms”. (Horst)
Hemingway participated in the Spanish Civil war and took part in the D-Day landings during the invasion of France during World War Two, where he not only reported the action but took part in it. One story recalls him throwing three hand grenades into a bunker, killing several German SS officers. Hemingway was awarded the Bronze Star for his efforts and his actions. All of his military experience combined in his book “For Whom The Bell Tolls” and a few others. (Shelokhonov)
After another divorce and his duties in France where served, Hemingway settled in Cuba, not far from Havana, with his third wife Martha Gellhorn. While in Cuba he wrote is best known work “The Old Man and the Sea”, that finally gave him the Pulitzer Prize he had long been denied. (Horst)
Two plane crashed,...